The distribution of cultural and biological diversity in Africa

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Joslin L Moore, Lisa Manne, Thomas Brooks, Neil D Burgess, Robert Davies, Carsten Rahbek, Paul Williams, Andrew Balmford

Anthropologists, biologists and linguists have all noted an apparent coincidence in species diversity and human cultural or linguistic diversity. We present, to our knowledge, one of the first quantitative descriptions of this coincidence and show that, for 2 degrees x 2 degrees grid cells across sub-Saharan Africa, cultural diversity and vertebrate species diversity exhibit marked similarities in their overall distribution. In addition, we show that 71% of the observed variation in species richness and 36% in language richness can be explained on the basis of environmental factors, suggesting that similar factors, especially those associated with rainfall and productivity, affect the distributions of both species and languages. Nevertheless, the form of the relationships between species richness and language richness and environmental factors differs, and it is unlikely that comparable mechanisms underpin the similar patterns of species and language richness. Moreover, the fact that the environmental factors considered here explain less than half of the variation in language richness indicates that other factors, many of which are likely to be historical or social, also influence the distribution of languages.
Original languageEnglish
JournalProceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences
Volume269
Issue number1501
Pages (from-to)1645-53
Number of pages8
ISSN0962-8452
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Bibliographical note

Keywords: Africa; Animals; Climate; Cultural Diversity; Ecosystem; Humans; Language; Population Dynamics; Rain; Species Specificity; Vertebrates

ID: 9615244