Studies of a genetic variant in HK1 in relation to quantitative metabolic traits and to the prevalence of type 2 diabetes

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Anette P Gjesing, Aneta A Nielsen, Ivan Brandslund, Cramer Christensen, Anneli Sandbæk, Torben Jørgensen, Daniel Witte, Amélie Bonnefond, Phillippe Froguel, Torben Hansen, Oluf Pedersen

Background: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the gene encoding Hexokinase 1 (HK1) are associated
with changes in glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels. Our aim was to investigate the effect of HK1 rs7072268 on
measures of glucose- and lipid-metabolism in a Danish non-diabetic population and combine the outcome of
these analyses in a meta-analysis with previously published results. Furthermore, our aim was to perform a type 2
diabetes case-control analysis and meta-analysis with two previous case-control studies.

Methods: SNP rs7072268 was genotyped in 9,724 Danes. The quantitative trait study included 5,604 non-diabetic
individuals from the Inter99 cohort. The case-control study included 4,449 glucose tolerant individuals and 3,398
patients with type 2 diabetes. Meta-analyses on quantitative traits included 24,560 Caucasian individuals and 30,802
individuals were included in the combined analysis of present and previous type 2 diabetes case-control studies.

Results: Using an additive model, we confirmed that the T-allele of rs7072268 associates with increased HbA1c of
0.6% (CI: 0.4 - 0.9), p = 3*10-7 per allele. The same allele associated with an increased area under the curve (AUC)
for glucose of 5.0 mmol/l*min (0.1 - 10.0), p = 0.045 following an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and increased
fasting levels of cholesterol of 0.06 mmol/l (0.03 - 1.0), p = 0.001 and triglycerides of 2.0% (0.2 - 3.8), p = 0.03 per
allele in the same study sample of non-diabetic individuals from the Inter99 cohort. However, the T-allele did not
show any association with estimates of insulin release or insulin sensitivity neither in Inter99 nor in combined
analyses. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes was increased among carriers of the rs7072268 T-allele both in the
Danish study-population with an OR of 1.11 (1.02-1.21) and in a meta-analysis including the two additional sample
sets with an OR of 1.06 (1.02-1.11). However, after Bonferroni correction the T-allele only remained associated to
HbA1c and fasting cholesterol.

Conclusions: The present study provides suggestive evidence of an association of the rs7072268 T-allele in HK1
with increased AUC glucose following an OGTT in non-diabetic individuals and a nominal association with type 2
diabetes prior to Bonferro
Original languageEnglish
JournalB M C Medical Genetics
Volume12
Pages (from-to)99
Number of pages8
ISSN1471-2350
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011

    Research areas

  • Case-Control Studies, Denmark, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Genome-Wide Association Study, Genotype, Glucose Tolerance Test, Hemoglobin A, Glycosylated, Hexokinase, Humans, Models, Statistical, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Prevalence

ID: 35314264