Spread of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli ST117 O78:H4 in Nordic broiler production

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Spread of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli ST117 O78:H4 in Nordic broiler production. / Ronco, Troels; Stegger, Marc; Olsen, Rikke Heidemann; Sekse, Camilla; Nordstoga, Anne Bang; Pohjanvirta, Tarja; Lilje, Berit; Lyhs, Ulrike; Andersen, Paal Skytt; Pedersen, Karl.

In: BMC Genomics, Vol. 18, 13, 03.01.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Ronco, T, Stegger, M, Olsen, RH, Sekse, C, Nordstoga, AB, Pohjanvirta, T, Lilje, B, Lyhs, U, Andersen, PS & Pedersen, K 2017, 'Spread of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli ST117 O78:H4 in Nordic broiler production', BMC Genomics, vol. 18, 13. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-016-3415-6

APA

Ronco, T., Stegger, M., Olsen, R. H., Sekse, C., Nordstoga, A. B., Pohjanvirta, T., ... Pedersen, K. (2017). Spread of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli ST117 O78:H4 in Nordic broiler production. BMC Genomics, 18, [13]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-016-3415-6

Vancouver

Ronco T, Stegger M, Olsen RH, Sekse C, Nordstoga AB, Pohjanvirta T et al. Spread of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli ST117 O78:H4 in Nordic broiler production. BMC Genomics. 2017 Jan 3;18. 13. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-016-3415-6

Author

Ronco, Troels ; Stegger, Marc ; Olsen, Rikke Heidemann ; Sekse, Camilla ; Nordstoga, Anne Bang ; Pohjanvirta, Tarja ; Lilje, Berit ; Lyhs, Ulrike ; Andersen, Paal Skytt ; Pedersen, Karl. / Spread of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli ST117 O78:H4 in Nordic broiler production. In: BMC Genomics. 2017 ; Vol. 18.

Bibtex

@article{c6f16af6592a432c8cbadfdc78e1dfa4,
title = "Spread of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli ST117 O78:H4 in Nordic broiler production",
abstract = "BackgroundEscherichia coli infections known as colibacillosis constitute a considerable challenge to poultry farmers worldwide, in terms of decreased animal welfare and production economy. Colibacillosis is caused by avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC). APEC strains are extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli and have in general been characterized as being a genetically diverse population. In the Nordic countries, poultry farmers depend on import of Swedish broiler breeders which are part of a breeding pyramid. During 2014 to 2016, an increased occurrence of colibacillosis on Nordic broiler chicken farms was reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic diversity among E. coli isolates collected on poultry farms with colibacillosis issues, using whole genome sequencing.MethodsHundred and fourteen bacterial isolates from both broilers and broiler breeders were whole genome sequenced. The majority of isolates were collected from poultry with colibacillosis on Nordic farms. Subsequently, comparative genomic analyses were carried out. This included in silico typing (sero- and multi-locus sequence typing), identification of virulence and resistance genes and phylogenetic analyses based on single nucleotide polymorphisms.ResultsIn general, the characterized poultry isolates constituted a genetically diverse population. However, the phylogenetic analyses revealed a major clade of 47 closely related ST117 O78:H4 isolates. The isolates in this clade were collected from broiler chickens and breeders with colibacillosis in multiple Nordic countries. They clustered together with a human ST117 isolate and all carried virulence genes that previously have been associated with human uropathogenic E. coli.ConclusionsThe investigation revealed a lineage of ST117 O78:H4 isolates collected in different Nordic countries from diseased broilers and breeders. The data indicate that the closely related ST117 O78:H4 strains have been transferred vertically through the broiler breeding pyramid into distantly located farms across the Nordic countries.",
keywords = "APEC, Colibacillosis, Comparative genomics, Phylogenetic analysis, Virulence factors",
author = "Troels Ronco and Marc Stegger and Olsen, {Rikke Heidemann} and Camilla Sekse and Nordstoga, {Anne Bang} and Tarja Pohjanvirta and Berit Lilje and Ulrike Lyhs and Andersen, {Paal Skytt} and Karl Pedersen",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1186/s12864-016-3415-6",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
journal = "B M C Genomics",
issn = "1471-2164",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Spread of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli ST117 O78:H4 in Nordic broiler production

AU - Ronco, Troels

AU - Stegger, Marc

AU - Olsen, Rikke Heidemann

AU - Sekse, Camilla

AU - Nordstoga, Anne Bang

AU - Pohjanvirta, Tarja

AU - Lilje, Berit

AU - Lyhs, Ulrike

AU - Andersen, Paal Skytt

AU - Pedersen, Karl

PY - 2017/1/3

Y1 - 2017/1/3

N2 - BackgroundEscherichia coli infections known as colibacillosis constitute a considerable challenge to poultry farmers worldwide, in terms of decreased animal welfare and production economy. Colibacillosis is caused by avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC). APEC strains are extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli and have in general been characterized as being a genetically diverse population. In the Nordic countries, poultry farmers depend on import of Swedish broiler breeders which are part of a breeding pyramid. During 2014 to 2016, an increased occurrence of colibacillosis on Nordic broiler chicken farms was reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic diversity among E. coli isolates collected on poultry farms with colibacillosis issues, using whole genome sequencing.MethodsHundred and fourteen bacterial isolates from both broilers and broiler breeders were whole genome sequenced. The majority of isolates were collected from poultry with colibacillosis on Nordic farms. Subsequently, comparative genomic analyses were carried out. This included in silico typing (sero- and multi-locus sequence typing), identification of virulence and resistance genes and phylogenetic analyses based on single nucleotide polymorphisms.ResultsIn general, the characterized poultry isolates constituted a genetically diverse population. However, the phylogenetic analyses revealed a major clade of 47 closely related ST117 O78:H4 isolates. The isolates in this clade were collected from broiler chickens and breeders with colibacillosis in multiple Nordic countries. They clustered together with a human ST117 isolate and all carried virulence genes that previously have been associated with human uropathogenic E. coli.ConclusionsThe investigation revealed a lineage of ST117 O78:H4 isolates collected in different Nordic countries from diseased broilers and breeders. The data indicate that the closely related ST117 O78:H4 strains have been transferred vertically through the broiler breeding pyramid into distantly located farms across the Nordic countries.

AB - BackgroundEscherichia coli infections known as colibacillosis constitute a considerable challenge to poultry farmers worldwide, in terms of decreased animal welfare and production economy. Colibacillosis is caused by avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC). APEC strains are extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli and have in general been characterized as being a genetically diverse population. In the Nordic countries, poultry farmers depend on import of Swedish broiler breeders which are part of a breeding pyramid. During 2014 to 2016, an increased occurrence of colibacillosis on Nordic broiler chicken farms was reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic diversity among E. coli isolates collected on poultry farms with colibacillosis issues, using whole genome sequencing.MethodsHundred and fourteen bacterial isolates from both broilers and broiler breeders were whole genome sequenced. The majority of isolates were collected from poultry with colibacillosis on Nordic farms. Subsequently, comparative genomic analyses were carried out. This included in silico typing (sero- and multi-locus sequence typing), identification of virulence and resistance genes and phylogenetic analyses based on single nucleotide polymorphisms.ResultsIn general, the characterized poultry isolates constituted a genetically diverse population. However, the phylogenetic analyses revealed a major clade of 47 closely related ST117 O78:H4 isolates. The isolates in this clade were collected from broiler chickens and breeders with colibacillosis in multiple Nordic countries. They clustered together with a human ST117 isolate and all carried virulence genes that previously have been associated with human uropathogenic E. coli.ConclusionsThe investigation revealed a lineage of ST117 O78:H4 isolates collected in different Nordic countries from diseased broilers and breeders. The data indicate that the closely related ST117 O78:H4 strains have been transferred vertically through the broiler breeding pyramid into distantly located farms across the Nordic countries.

KW - APEC

KW - Colibacillosis

KW - Comparative genomics

KW - Phylogenetic analysis

KW - Virulence factors

U2 - 10.1186/s12864-016-3415-6

DO - 10.1186/s12864-016-3415-6

M3 - Journal article

VL - 18

JO - B M C Genomics

JF - B M C Genomics

SN - 1471-2164

M1 - 13

ER -

ID: 173023112