Sparse network estimation for dynamical spatio-temporal array models

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Neural field models represent neuronal communication on a population level via synaptic weight functions. Using voltage sensitive dye (VSD) imaging it is possible to obtain measurements of neural fields with a relatively high spatial and temporal resolution. The synaptic weight functions represent functional connectivity in the brain and give rise to a spatio-temporal dependence structure. We present a stochastic functional differential equation for modeling neural fields, which leads to a vector autoregressive model of the data via basis expansions of the synaptic weight functions and time and space discretization. Fitting the model to data is a practical challenge as this represents a large scale regression problem. By using a 1-norm penalty in combination with localized basis functions it is possible to learn a sparse network representation of the functional connectivity of the brain, but still, the explicit construction of a design matrix can be computationally prohibitive. We demonstrate that by using tensor product basis expansions, the computation of the penalized estimator via a proximal gradient algorithm becomes feasible. It is crucial for the computations that the data is organized in an array as is the case for the three dimensional VSD imaging data. This allows for the use of array arithmetic that is both memory and time efficient. Theproposed method is implemented and showcased in the R package dynamo available from CRAN.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104532
JournalJournal of Multivariate Analysis
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019

    Research areas

  • GLAM, Non-differentiable regularization, Stochastic functional differential equation, VSD imaging data

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