Short-term effect of the New Nordic Renal Diet on phosphorus homoeostasis in chronic kidney disease Stages 3 and 4

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Louise Havkrog Salomo, Marianne Rix, Anne-Lise Kamper, Jesper Q Thomassen, Jens J Sloth, Arne Astrup

Background: The New Nordic Diet is a food concept favouring organically produced food items, fruits, vegetables, whole grains and fish. We investigated the short-term effects of a modified phosphorus-reduced New Nordic Renal Diet (NNRD) in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients on important parameters of phosphorus homoeostasis.

Methods: The NNRD contained a total of 850 mg phosphorus/day. A total of 18 patients, CKD Stages 3 and 4 were studied in a randomized crossover trial comparing a 1-week control period of the habitual diet with a 1-week period of the NNRD. Data were obtained at baseline and during 1 week of dietary intervention (habitual diet versus NNRD) by collecting fasting blood samples and 24-h urine collections. The primary outcome was the difference in the change in 24-h urine phosphorus excretion from baseline to Day 7 between the NNRD and habitual diet periods. Secondary outcomes were changes in the fractional excretion of phosphorus, fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) and plasma phosphate.

Results: As compared with the habitual diet, 24-h urine phosphorus excretion was reduced in the NNRD by 313 mg/day (P < 0.001). The mean baseline phosphorus was 875 ± 346 mg/day and was decreased by 400 ± 256 mg/day in the NNRD and 87 ± 266 mg/day in the habitual diet. The 24-h urine fractional excretion of phosphorus decreased by 11% (P < 0.001) and FGF23 decreased by 30 pg/mL (P = 0.03) with the NNRD compared with the habitual diet. Plasma phosphate did not change.

Conclusion: This study demonstrates that dietary phosphorus restriction in the context of the NNRD is feasible and has positive effects on phosphorus homeostasis in CKD patients.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
ISSN0931-0509
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2019

    Research areas

  • The Faculty of Science - 24-h urine phosphorus excretion, Chronic kidney disease (CKD), Dietary intervention, Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), New Nordic Renal Diet (NNRD)

ID: 210787183