Severe hypoglycaemia during treatment with sulphonylureas in patients with type 2 diabetes in the Capital Region of Denmark
Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article › Research › peer-review
S Pilemann-Lyberg, B Thorsteinsson, O Snorgaard, M Zander, H Vestergaard, M E Røder
AIMS: Sulphonylureas (SU) are currently recommended as a well-established second line treatment in guidelines for type 2 diabetes (T2DM). In the Capital Region of Denmark 16,865 patients were given SU as part of their treatment of T2DM in 2010-2011. To what extent SU are associated with hospitalizations due to severe hypoglycaemic episodes, defined as episodes with a need for external assistance, was investigated. The prevalence and characteristics of these patients and potential risk factors were studied.
METHODS: ICD-10 diagnosis codes were used to identify patients hospitalized due to hypoglycaemia and T2DM for a period of 2 years (2010-2011). Inclusion criteria were T2DM, hospitalization due to hypoglycaemia and treatment with SU as monotherapy or in combination with other glucose-lowering drugs except insulin treatment.
RESULTS: We identified 161 patients fulfilling the inclusion criteria. Their mean age was 76 (53-97) years and 54% were males. Sixty percent of the patients had diabetic complications, including 19% with diabetic nephropathy. The major reason for severe hypoglycaemia was an unchanged dose of SU despite of a significant decline in food intake (45%). In 22% of the patients more than one reason was listed, most commonly a concomitant infection associated with decreased food intake and unchanged dose of SU.
CONCLUSION: The incidence of hospital admission-requiring severe hypoglycaemia in patients treated with SU was 0.48 episodes per 100 patient-years of SU-treated patients. It was mainly older patients with diminished food intake, excessive alcohol use or other medications, concomitant infection, and with diabetic complications.
|Journal||Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|