Serum 25(OH)D levels after oral vitamin D3 supplementation and UVB exposure correlate

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Pameli Datta, Peter Alshede Philipsen, Peter Olsen, Jeppe Dyrberg Andersen, Niels Morling, Hans Chr. Wulf

Background: The inter-individual variation in 25(OH)D3 increase (Δ25(OH)D3) after vitamin D3 supplementation was determined and compared the UVB irradiation. Methods: Nineteen Danish participants received 85 μg vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) daily for nine weeks with regular serum 25(OH)D3 measurements. These participants had three years earlier taken part in a 9-week controlled UVB study. The Δ25(OH)D3 was not confounded by ambient UVB, BMI or ethnicity. Results: Δ25(OH)D3 was 53 nmol l-1 and almost identical to Δ25(OH)D3 (52 nmol l-1) after UVB. Δ25(OH)D3 ranged from 17 to 91 nmol l-1 (span 74 nmol l-1) and was about half of that observed after UVB irradiation (span 136 nmol l-1). The interquartile ranges for vitamin D3 supplementation (38.8-71.4 nmol l-1, span: 32.6 nmol l-1) and UVB irradiation (35.7-65.4 nmol l-1, span: 29.7 nmol l-1) were similar indicating a comparable response of the two interventions. As the 25(OH)D3 start levels (R2 = 0.398, P = 3.8 × 10-3), 25(OH)D3 end levels (R2 = 0.457, P = 1.5 × 10-3) and Δ25(OH)D3 (R2 = 0.253, P = 0.028) between both interventions were correlated, this suggested a possible common individual background for the variation. Four pigment SNPs influenced the variation in the vitamin D3-induced and UVB-induced Δ25(OH)D3. A combined model including the influence of these four SNPs
and the 25(OH)D3 start level explained 86.8% (P = 1.6¯10-35) of the individual variation after vitamin D3 supplementation. Conclusion: The inter-individual variation in the two interventions was comparable and had no common demographic but a partly common genetic background.
Original languageDanish
JournalPhotodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)344-353
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019

ID: 221748407