Semi-quantitative myocardial perfusion measured by computed tomography in patients with refractory angina: a head-to-head comparison with quantitative rubidium-82 positron emission tomography as reference
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INTRODUCTION: Computed tomography (CT) is a novel method for assessment of myocardial perfusion and has not yet been compared to rubidium-82 positron emission tomography (PET). We aimed to compare CT measured semi-quantitative myocardial perfusion with absolute quantified myocardial perfusion using PET and to detect stenotic territories in patients with severe coronary artery disease.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen patients with stenosis narrowing coronary arteries ≥70% demonstrated on invasive coronary angiography underwent rest and adenosine stress imaging obtained by 320-multidetector CT scanner and CT/PET 64-slice scanner. CT measured myocardial attenuation density (AD) and perfusion index (PI) were correlated to absolute PET myocardial perfusion values.
RESULTS: Rest AD, rest and stress PI did not correlate to PET findings (r = 0·412, P = 0·113; r = 0·300, P = 0·259; and r = 0·508, P = 0·064, respectively). However, there was a significant correlation between stress AD and stress PET values (r = 0·670, P = 0·009) and between stress and rest differences for AD and PI with PET differences (r = 0·620, P = 0·006; and r = 0·639, P = 0·004, respectively). Furthermore, significant differences were observed between remote and stenotic territories for rest and stress AD (48 ± 14HU and 37 ± 16HU, P = 0·002; 76 ± 19HU and 58 ± 13HU, P<0·001, respectively), PI (9·6 ± 2·9 and 7·5 ± 3·1, P = 0·002; 21·6 ± 4·1 and 16·9 ± 3·9, P<0·001, respectively) and PET (0·96 ± 0·37 ml g(-1) min(-1) and 0·86 ± 0·26 ml g(-1) min(-1) , P = 0·036; 2·07 ± 0·76 ml g(-1) min(-1) and 1·61 ± 0·76 ml g(-1) min(-1) , P = 0·006, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: Semi-quantitative CT parameters may be useful in the detection of myocardium subtended by stenotic coronary arteries.
|Journal||Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2017|