Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the biophysical interaction of inhaled nanoparticles with pulmonary surfactant by using quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring

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Feng Wan, Tommy Nylander, Camilla Foged, Mingshi Yang, Stefania G Baldursdottir, Hanne M Nielsen

Understanding the interaction between inhaled nanoparticles and pulmonary surfactant is a prerequisite for predicting the fate of inhaled nanoparticles. Here, we introduce a quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D)-based methodology to reveal the extent and nature of the biophysical interactions of polymer- and lipid-based nanoparticles with pulmonary surfactant. By fitting the QCM-D data to the Langmuir adsorption equation, we determined the kinetics and equilibrium parameters [i.e., maximal adsorption (Δmmax), equilibrium constant (Ka), adsorption rate constant (ka) and desorption rate constant (kd)] of polymeric nanoparticles adsorption onto the pulmonary surfactant (e.g., an artificial lipid mixture and an extract of porcine lung surfactant). Furthermore, our results revealed that the nature of the interactions between lipid-based nanoparticles (e.g., liposomes) and pulmonary surfactant was governed by the liposomal composition, i.e., incorporation of cholesterol and PEGylated phospholipid (DSPE-PEG2000) into DOPC-based liposomes led to the adsorption of intact liposomes onto the pulmonary surfactant layer and the mass exchange between the liposomes and pulmonary surfactant layer, respectively. In conclusion, we demonstrate the applicability of the QCM-D technique for qualitative and quantitative analysis of the biophysical interaction of inhaled nanoparticles with pulmonary surfactant, which is vital for rational design and optimization of inhalable nanomedicines.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume545
Pages (from-to)162-171
Number of pages10
ISSN0021-9797
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019

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