Pollination syndromes ignored: importance of non-ornithophilous flowers to Neotropical savanna hummingbirds

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Pollination syndromes ignored : importance of non-ornithophilous flowers to Neotropical savanna hummingbirds. / Maruyama, P. K.; Oliveira, G. M.; Ferreira, Célia Maria Dias; Dalsgaard, Bo; Oliveira, P. E.

In: Naturwissenschaften, Vol. 100, No. 11, 11.2013, p. 1061–1068.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Maruyama, PK, Oliveira, GM, Ferreira, CMD, Dalsgaard, B & Oliveira, PE 2013, 'Pollination syndromes ignored: importance of non-ornithophilous flowers to Neotropical savanna hummingbirds', Naturwissenschaften, vol. 100, no. 11, pp. 1061–1068. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00114-013-1111-9

APA

Maruyama, P. K., Oliveira, G. M., Ferreira, C. M. D., Dalsgaard, B., & Oliveira, P. E. (2013). Pollination syndromes ignored: importance of non-ornithophilous flowers to Neotropical savanna hummingbirds. Naturwissenschaften, 100(11), 1061–1068. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00114-013-1111-9

Vancouver

Maruyama PK, Oliveira GM, Ferreira CMD, Dalsgaard B, Oliveira PE. Pollination syndromes ignored: importance of non-ornithophilous flowers to Neotropical savanna hummingbirds. Naturwissenschaften. 2013 Nov;100(11):1061–1068. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00114-013-1111-9

Author

Maruyama, P. K. ; Oliveira, G. M. ; Ferreira, Célia Maria Dias ; Dalsgaard, Bo ; Oliveira, P. E. / Pollination syndromes ignored : importance of non-ornithophilous flowers to Neotropical savanna hummingbirds. In: Naturwissenschaften. 2013 ; Vol. 100, No. 11. pp. 1061–1068.

Bibtex

@article{d11a5eb13a824d34b2c7029953fe0421,
title = "Pollination syndromes ignored: importance of non-ornithophilous flowers to Neotropical savanna hummingbirds",
abstract = "Generalization prevails in flower-animal interactions, and although animal visitors are not equally effective pollinators, most interactions likely represent an important energy intake for the animal visitor. Hummingbirds are nectar-feeding specialists, and many tropical plants are specialized toward hummingbird-pollination. In spite of this, especially in dry and seasonal tropical habitats, hummingbirds may often rely on non-ornithophilous plants to meet their energy requirements. However, quantitative studies evaluating the relative importance of ornithophilous vs. non-ornithophilous plants for hummingbirds in these areas are scarce. We here studied the availability and use of floral resources by hummingbirds in two different areas of the Cerrado, the seasonal savannas in Central Brazil. Roughly half the hummingbird visited plant species were non-ornithophilous, and these contributed greatly to increase the overall nectar availability. We showed that mean nectar offer, at the transect scale, was the only parameter related to hummingbird visitation frequency, more so than nectar offer at single flowers and at the plant scale, or pollination syndrome. Centrality indices, calculated using hummingbird-plant networks, showed that ornithophilous and non-ornithophilous plants have similar importance for network cohesion. How this foraging behaviour affects reproduction of non-ornithophilous plants remains largely unexplored and is probably case specific, however, we suggest that the additional energy provided by non-ornithophilous plants may facilitate reproduction of truly ornithophilous flowers by attracting and maintaining hummingbirds in the area. This may promote asymmetric hummingbird-plant associations, i.e., pollination depends on floral traits adapted to hummingbird morphology, but hummingbird visitation is determined more by the energetic {"}reward{"} than by pollination syndromes.",
author = "Maruyama, {P. K.} and Oliveira, {G. M.} and Ferreira, {C{\'e}lia Maria Dias} and Bo Dalsgaard and Oliveira, {P. E.}",
year = "2013",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1007/s00114-013-1111-9",
language = "English",
volume = "100",
pages = "1061–1068",
journal = "Naturwissenschaften",
issn = "0028-1042",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "11",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Pollination syndromes ignored

T2 - importance of non-ornithophilous flowers to Neotropical savanna hummingbirds

AU - Maruyama, P. K.

AU - Oliveira, G. M.

AU - Ferreira, Célia Maria Dias

AU - Dalsgaard, Bo

AU - Oliveira, P. E.

PY - 2013/11

Y1 - 2013/11

N2 - Generalization prevails in flower-animal interactions, and although animal visitors are not equally effective pollinators, most interactions likely represent an important energy intake for the animal visitor. Hummingbirds are nectar-feeding specialists, and many tropical plants are specialized toward hummingbird-pollination. In spite of this, especially in dry and seasonal tropical habitats, hummingbirds may often rely on non-ornithophilous plants to meet their energy requirements. However, quantitative studies evaluating the relative importance of ornithophilous vs. non-ornithophilous plants for hummingbirds in these areas are scarce. We here studied the availability and use of floral resources by hummingbirds in two different areas of the Cerrado, the seasonal savannas in Central Brazil. Roughly half the hummingbird visited plant species were non-ornithophilous, and these contributed greatly to increase the overall nectar availability. We showed that mean nectar offer, at the transect scale, was the only parameter related to hummingbird visitation frequency, more so than nectar offer at single flowers and at the plant scale, or pollination syndrome. Centrality indices, calculated using hummingbird-plant networks, showed that ornithophilous and non-ornithophilous plants have similar importance for network cohesion. How this foraging behaviour affects reproduction of non-ornithophilous plants remains largely unexplored and is probably case specific, however, we suggest that the additional energy provided by non-ornithophilous plants may facilitate reproduction of truly ornithophilous flowers by attracting and maintaining hummingbirds in the area. This may promote asymmetric hummingbird-plant associations, i.e., pollination depends on floral traits adapted to hummingbird morphology, but hummingbird visitation is determined more by the energetic "reward" than by pollination syndromes.

AB - Generalization prevails in flower-animal interactions, and although animal visitors are not equally effective pollinators, most interactions likely represent an important energy intake for the animal visitor. Hummingbirds are nectar-feeding specialists, and many tropical plants are specialized toward hummingbird-pollination. In spite of this, especially in dry and seasonal tropical habitats, hummingbirds may often rely on non-ornithophilous plants to meet their energy requirements. However, quantitative studies evaluating the relative importance of ornithophilous vs. non-ornithophilous plants for hummingbirds in these areas are scarce. We here studied the availability and use of floral resources by hummingbirds in two different areas of the Cerrado, the seasonal savannas in Central Brazil. Roughly half the hummingbird visited plant species were non-ornithophilous, and these contributed greatly to increase the overall nectar availability. We showed that mean nectar offer, at the transect scale, was the only parameter related to hummingbird visitation frequency, more so than nectar offer at single flowers and at the plant scale, or pollination syndrome. Centrality indices, calculated using hummingbird-plant networks, showed that ornithophilous and non-ornithophilous plants have similar importance for network cohesion. How this foraging behaviour affects reproduction of non-ornithophilous plants remains largely unexplored and is probably case specific, however, we suggest that the additional energy provided by non-ornithophilous plants may facilitate reproduction of truly ornithophilous flowers by attracting and maintaining hummingbirds in the area. This may promote asymmetric hummingbird-plant associations, i.e., pollination depends on floral traits adapted to hummingbird morphology, but hummingbird visitation is determined more by the energetic "reward" than by pollination syndromes.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84887347053&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s00114-013-1111-9

DO - 10.1007/s00114-013-1111-9

M3 - Journal article

VL - 100

SP - 1061

EP - 1068

JO - Naturwissenschaften

JF - Naturwissenschaften

SN - 0028-1042

IS - 11

ER -

ID: 87651770