Plasma metabolites associated with homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance: metabolite-model design and external validation

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Pablo Hernández-Alonso, Jesús García-Gavilán, Lucía Camacho-Barcia, Anders Mikael Sjödin, Thea Toft Hansen, Jo Harrold, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Jason C G Halford, Silvia Canudas, Mònica Bulló

Different plasma metabolites have been related to insulin resistance (IR). However, there is a lack of metabolite models predicting IR with external validation. The aim of this study is to identify a multi-metabolite model associated to the homeostatic model assessment (HOMA)-IR values. We performed a cross-sectional metabolomics analysis of samples collected from overweight and obese subjects from two independent studies. The training step was performed in 236 subjects from the SATIN study and validated in 102 subjects from the GLYNDIET study. Plasma metabolomics profile was analyzed using three different approaches: GC/quadrupole-TOF, LC/quadrupole-TOF, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Associations between metabolites and HOMA-IR were assessed using elastic net regression analysis with a leave-one-out cross validation (CV) and 100 CV runs. HOMA-IR was analyzed both as linear and categorical (median or lower versus higher than the median). Receiver operating characteristic curves were constructed based on metabolites' weighted models. A set of 30 metabolites discriminating extremes of HOMA-IR were consistently selected. These metabolites comprised some amino acids, lipid species and different organic acids. The area under the curve (AUC) for the discrimination between HOMA-IR extreme categories was 0.82 (95% CI: 0.74-0.90), based on the multi-metabolite model weighted with the regression coefficients of metabolites in the validation dataset. We identified a set of metabolites discriminating between extremes of HOMA-IR and able to predict HOMA-IR with high accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13895
JournalScientific Reports
Volume9
Number of pages9
ISSN2045-2322
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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