Plasma glucagon-like peptide 1 and peptide YY levels are not altered in symptomatic fructose-sorbitol malabsorption.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Jørgen Valeur, Eliann Øines, Mette Helvik Morken, Jens Juul Holst, Arnold Berstad

OBJECTIVE: Carbohydrate malabsorption causes more symptoms in patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders than in healthy individuals. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether this could be explained by differences in ileal brake hormone secretion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighteen consecutive patients with functional abdominal complaints, referred to our clinic for investigation of self-reported food hypersensitivity, were included in the study and compared with 15 healthy volunteers. All subjects ingested a mixture of 25 g fructose and 5 g sorbitol. Pulmonary hydrogen and methane excretion and plasma glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) and peptide YY (PYY) levels were measured during the next 3 h. Both habitual and post-test symptoms were assessed. RESULTS: Malabsorption of fructose and sorbitol was present in 61% of the patients and 73% of the controls. Nevertheless, the patients experienced significantly more symptoms following carbohydrate challenge, and 78% of the patients claimed that the challenge replicated their habitual gastrointestinal complaints. No significant differences in gas excretion or GLP-1 and PYY levels were found between patients and controls or between symptomatic and asymptomatic carbohydrate malabsorbers. A weak correlation between hydrogen excretion and PYY levels was demonstrated in non-producers of methane. CONCLUSIONS: Neither intestinal gas production nor ileal brake hormone secretion seems to play a role in the symptomatology of carbohydrate intolerance in patients with self-reported food hypersensitivity. Other mechanisms related to bacterial fermentation may be involved and should be investigated further.
Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume43
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)1212-8
Number of pages6
ISSN0036-5521
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

ID: 8417848