Pharmacokinetics of amikacin during hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.

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L Regeur, H Colding, H Jensen, J P Kampmann

The pharmacokinetics of amikacin were examined in six bilaterally nephrectomized patients undergoing hemodialysis and in four patients with a minimal residual renal function undergoing peritoneal dialysis. The mean elimination half-life before the dialysis was 86.5 h in the anephric patients and 44.3 h in the patients with minimal residual kidney function. The results from the anephric patients suggest that some extrarenal elimination of amikacin may occur. The mean volume of distribution was about 25% of the total body weight. This is in accordance with values reported from subjects with normal renal function. During hemodialysis the half-life decreased to less than 10% (5.6 h) of the pretreatment value. The effectiveness of peritoneal dialysis was less as the half-life decreased to only about 30% (17.9 h) of the pretreatment value. During the dialyses a significant correlation between the half-life of amikacin and the decrease in blood urea and serum creatinine was demonstrated. The pharmacokinetic data were used to make dosage regimen recommendations for the treatment of patients undergoing intermittent hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Volume11
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)214-8
Number of pages4
ISSN0066-4804
Publication statusPublished - 1977

Bibliographical note

Keywords: Adult; Amikacin; Female; Half-Life; Humans; Kanamycin; Kinetics; Male; Middle Aged; Peritoneal Dialysis; Renal Dialysis

ID: 8670279