Nicotine permeability across the buccal TR146 cell culture model and porcine buccal mucosa in vitro: effect of pH and concentration

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Hanne Mørck Nielsen, Margrethe Rømer Rassing

The present study was conducted to investigate and compare the effect of pH and drug concentration on nicotine permeability across the TR146 cell culture model and porcine buccal mucosa in vitro. As a further characterization of the TR146 cell culture model, it was explored whether the results were comparable for bi-directional and uni-directional transport in the presence of a transmembrane pH gradient. Nicotine concentrations between 10(-5) and 10(-2) M were applied to the apical side of the TR146 cell culture model or the mucosal side of porcine buccal mucosa. Buffers with pH values of 5.5, 7.4 and 8.1 were used to obtain different fractions of non- and mono-ionized nicotine. The apparent permeability (P(app)) of nicotine across both models increased significantly with increasing pH, and the P(app) values obtained with the two models could be correlated in a linear manner. With increasing concentrations of nicotine, the P(app) values decreased, which can partly be explained by an effect on the paracellular pathway. Similar results were also obtained when using the models for bi-directional as well as for uni-directional studies. The TR146 cell culture model may be used as model for buccal epithelium in studies with ionized drugs and a transmembrane pH gradient.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Volume16
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)151-7
Number of pages7
ISSN0928-0987
Publication statusPublished - 2002

    Research areas

  • Animals, Cell Culture Techniques, Cell Line, Epithelial Cells, Humans, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Mouth Mucosa, Nicotine, Permeability, Swine

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