Next-generation biology: sequencing and data analysis approaches for non-model organisms

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Rute Andreia Rodrigues da Fonseca, Anders Albrechtsen, Goncalo Espregueira Cruz Themudo, Jazmin Ramos Madrigal, Jonas Andreas Sibbesen, Lasse Maretty Sørensen, Marie Lisandra Zepeda Mendoza, Paula Campos, Rasmus Heller, Ricardo Pereira

As sequencing technologies become more affordable, it is now realistic to propose studying the evolutionary history of virtually any organism on a genomic scale. However, when dealing with non-model organisms it is not always easy to choose the best approach given a specific biological question, a limited budget, and challenging sample material. Furthermore, although recent advances in technology offer unprecedented opportunities for research in non-model organisms, they also demand unprecedented awareness from the researcher regarding the assumptions and limitations of each method. In this review we present an overview of the current sequencing technologies and the methods used in typical high-throughput data analysis pipelines. Subsequently, we contextualize high-throughput DNA sequencing technologies within their applications in non-model organism biology. We include tips regarding managing unconventional sample material, comparative and population genetic approaches that do not require fully assembled genomes, and advice on how to deal with low depth sequencing data.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMarine Genomics
Volume30
Pages (from-to)3-13
ISSN1874-7787
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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