Multiscale assessment of patterns of avian species richness.

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Multiscale assessment of patterns of avian species richness. / Rahbek, C; Graves, G R.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America, Vol. 98, No. 8, 2001, p. 4534-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Rahbek, C & Graves, GR 2001, 'Multiscale assessment of patterns of avian species richness.', Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America, vol. 98, no. 8, pp. 4534-9. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.071034898

APA

Rahbek, C., & Graves, G. R. (2001). Multiscale assessment of patterns of avian species richness. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America, 98(8), 4534-9. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.071034898

Vancouver

Rahbek C, Graves GR. Multiscale assessment of patterns of avian species richness. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America. 2001;98(8):4534-9. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.071034898

Author

Rahbek, C ; Graves, G R. / Multiscale assessment of patterns of avian species richness. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America. 2001 ; Vol. 98, No. 8. pp. 4534-9.

Bibtex

@article{b93e71404e6a11dd8d9f000ea68e967b,
title = "Multiscale assessment of patterns of avian species richness.",
abstract = "The search for a common cause of species richness gradients has spawned more than 100 explanatory hypotheses in just the past two decades. Despite recent conceptual advances, further refinement of the most plausible models has been stifled by the difficulty of compiling high-resolution databases at continental scales. We used a database of the geographic ranges of 2,869 species of birds breeding in South America (nearly a third of the world's living avian species) to explore the influence of climate, quadrat area, ecosystem diversity, and topography on species richness gradients at 10 spatial scales (quadrat area, approximately 12,300 to approximately 1,225,000 km(2)). Topography, precipitation, topography x latitude, ecosystem diversity, and cloud cover emerged as the most important predictors of regional variability of species richness in regression models incorporating 16 independent variables, although ranking of variables depended on spatial scale. Direct measures of ambient energy such as mean and maximum temperature were of ancillary importance. Species richness values for 1 degrees x 1 degrees latitude-longitude quadrats in the Andes (peaking at 845 species) were approximately 30-250{\%} greater than those recorded at equivalent latitudes in the central Amazon basin. These findings reflect the extraordinary abundance of species associated with humid montane regions at equatorial latitudes and the importance of orography in avian speciation. In a broader context, our data reinforce the hypothesis that terrestrial species richness from the equator to the poles is ultimately governed by a synergism between climate and coarse-scale topographic heterogeneity.",
author = "C Rahbek and Graves, {G R}",
note = "Keywords: Animals; Birds; Ecosystem; Models, Theoretical; South America; Species Specificity",
year = "2001",
doi = "10.1073/pnas.071034898",
language = "English",
volume = "98",
pages = "4534--9",
journal = "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America",
issn = "0027-8424",
publisher = "The National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Multiscale assessment of patterns of avian species richness.

AU - Rahbek, C

AU - Graves, G R

N1 - Keywords: Animals; Birds; Ecosystem; Models, Theoretical; South America; Species Specificity

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - The search for a common cause of species richness gradients has spawned more than 100 explanatory hypotheses in just the past two decades. Despite recent conceptual advances, further refinement of the most plausible models has been stifled by the difficulty of compiling high-resolution databases at continental scales. We used a database of the geographic ranges of 2,869 species of birds breeding in South America (nearly a third of the world's living avian species) to explore the influence of climate, quadrat area, ecosystem diversity, and topography on species richness gradients at 10 spatial scales (quadrat area, approximately 12,300 to approximately 1,225,000 km(2)). Topography, precipitation, topography x latitude, ecosystem diversity, and cloud cover emerged as the most important predictors of regional variability of species richness in regression models incorporating 16 independent variables, although ranking of variables depended on spatial scale. Direct measures of ambient energy such as mean and maximum temperature were of ancillary importance. Species richness values for 1 degrees x 1 degrees latitude-longitude quadrats in the Andes (peaking at 845 species) were approximately 30-250% greater than those recorded at equivalent latitudes in the central Amazon basin. These findings reflect the extraordinary abundance of species associated with humid montane regions at equatorial latitudes and the importance of orography in avian speciation. In a broader context, our data reinforce the hypothesis that terrestrial species richness from the equator to the poles is ultimately governed by a synergism between climate and coarse-scale topographic heterogeneity.

AB - The search for a common cause of species richness gradients has spawned more than 100 explanatory hypotheses in just the past two decades. Despite recent conceptual advances, further refinement of the most plausible models has been stifled by the difficulty of compiling high-resolution databases at continental scales. We used a database of the geographic ranges of 2,869 species of birds breeding in South America (nearly a third of the world's living avian species) to explore the influence of climate, quadrat area, ecosystem diversity, and topography on species richness gradients at 10 spatial scales (quadrat area, approximately 12,300 to approximately 1,225,000 km(2)). Topography, precipitation, topography x latitude, ecosystem diversity, and cloud cover emerged as the most important predictors of regional variability of species richness in regression models incorporating 16 independent variables, although ranking of variables depended on spatial scale. Direct measures of ambient energy such as mean and maximum temperature were of ancillary importance. Species richness values for 1 degrees x 1 degrees latitude-longitude quadrats in the Andes (peaking at 845 species) were approximately 30-250% greater than those recorded at equivalent latitudes in the central Amazon basin. These findings reflect the extraordinary abundance of species associated with humid montane regions at equatorial latitudes and the importance of orography in avian speciation. In a broader context, our data reinforce the hypothesis that terrestrial species richness from the equator to the poles is ultimately governed by a synergism between climate and coarse-scale topographic heterogeneity.

U2 - 10.1073/pnas.071034898

DO - 10.1073/pnas.071034898

M3 - Journal article

VL - 98

SP - 4534

EP - 4539

JO - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

JF - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

SN - 0027-8424

IS - 8

ER -

ID: 4962096