Minor Contribution of Endogenous GLP-1 and GLP-2 to Postprandial Lipemia in Obese Men

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Niina Matikainen, Elias Björnson, Sanni Söderlund, Christofer Borén, Björn Eliasson, Kirsi H Pietiläinen, Leonie H Bogl, Antti Hakkarainen, Nina Lundbom, Angela Rivellese, Gabriele Riccardi, Jean-Pierre Després, Natalie Alméras, Jens Juul Holst, Carolyn F Deacon, Jan Borén, Marja-Riitta Taskinen

CONTEXT: Glucose and lipids stimulate the gut-hormones glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1, GLP-2 and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) but the effect of these on human postprandial lipid metabolism is not fully clarified.

OBJECTIVE: To explore the responses of GLP-1, GLP-2 and GIP after a fat-rich meal compared to the same responses after an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and to investigate possible relationships between incretin response and triglyceride-rich lipoprotein (TRL) response to a fat-rich meal.

DESIGN: Glucose, insulin, GLP-1, GLP-2 and GIP were measured after an OGTT and after a fat-rich meal in 65 healthy obese (BMI 26.5-40.2 kg/m2) male subjects. Triglycerides (TG), apoB48 and apoB100 in TG-rich lipoproteins (chylomicrons, VLDL1 and VLDL2) were measured after the fat-rich meal.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Postprandial responses (area under the curve, AUC) for glucose, insulin, GLP-1, GLP-2, GIP in plasma, and TG, apoB48 and apoB100 in plasma and TG-rich lipoproteins.

RESULTS: The GLP-1, GLP-2 and GIP responses after the fat-rich meal and after the OGTT correlated strongly (r = 0.73, p<0.0001; r = 0.46, p<0.001 and r = 0.69, p<0.001, respectively). Glucose and insulin AUCs were lower, but the AUCs for GLP-1, GLP-2 and GIP were significantly higher after the fat-rich meal than after the OGTT. The peak value for all hormones appeared at 120 minutes after the fat-rich meal, compared to 30 minutes after the OGTT. After the fat-rich meal, the AUCs for GLP-1, GLP-2 and GIP correlated significantly with plasma TG- and apoB48 AUCs but the contribution was very modest.

CONCLUSIONS: In obese males, GLP-1, GLP-2 and GIP responses to a fat-rich meal are greater than following an OGTT. However, the most important explanatory variable for postprandial TG excursion was fasting triglycerides. The contribution of endogenous GLP-1, GLP-2 and GIP to explaining the variance in postprandial TG excursion was minor.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0145890
JournalPLOS ONE
Volume11
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
ISSN1932-6203
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

ID: 160445104