Microbially produced glucagon-like peptide 1 improves glucose tolerance in mice

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Tulika Arora, Udo Wegmann, Anup Bobhate, Ying Shiuan Lee, Thomas U Greiner, Daniel J Drucker, Arjan Narbad, Gert Fredrik Bäckhed

OBJECTIVE: The enteroendocrine hormone glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) is an attractive anti-diabetic therapy. Here, we generated a recombinant Lactococcus lactis strain genetically modified to produce GLP-1 and investigated its ability to improve glucose tolerance in mice on chow or high-fat diet (HFD).

METHODS: We transformed L. lactis FI5876 with either empty vector (pUK200) or murine GLP-1 expression vector to generate LL-UK200 and LL-GLP1, respectively, and determined their potential to induce insulin secretion by incubating primary islets from wild-type (WT) and GLP-1 receptor knockout (GLP1R-KO) mice with culture supernatant of these strains. In addition, we administered these strains to mice on chow or HFD. At the end of the study period, we measured plasma GLP-1 levels, performed intraperitoneal glucose tolerance and insulin tolerance tests, and determined hepatic expression of the gluconeogenic genes G6pc and Pepck.

RESULTS: Insulin release from primary islets of WT but not GLP1R-KO mice was higher following incubation with culture supernatant from LL-GLP1 compared with LL-UK200. In mice on chow, supplementation with LL-GLP1 versus LL-UK200 promoted increased vena porta levels of GLP-1 in both WT and GLP1R-KO mice; however, LL-GLP1 promoted improved glucose tolerance in WT but not in GLP1R-KO mice, indicating a requirement for the GLP-1 receptor. In mice on HFD and thus with impaired glucose tolerance, supplementation with LL-GLP1 versus LL-UK200 promoted a pronounced improvement in glucose tolerance together with increased insulin levels. Supplementation with LL-GLP1 versus LL-UK200 did not affect insulin tolerance but resulted in reduced expression of G6pc in both chow and HFD-fed mice.

CONCLUSIONS: The L. lactis strain genetically modified to produce GLP-1 is capable of stimulating insulin secretion from islets and improving glucose tolerance in mice.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMolecular Metabolism
Volume5
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)725-30
Number of pages6
ISSN2212-8778
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2016

    Research areas

  • Journal Article

ID: 166504933