Measuring Human Movement Patterns and Behaviors in Public Spaces

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterResearchpeer-review

Standard

Measuring Human Movement Patterns and Behaviors in Public Spaces. / Nielsen, Søren Zebitz; Gade, Rikke; Moeslund, Thomas B.; Skov-Petersen, Hans.

2014. Poster session presented at Measuring Behavior 2014, Wageningen, Netherlands.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Nielsen, SZ, Gade, R, Moeslund, TB & Skov-Petersen, H 2014, 'Measuring Human Movement Patterns and Behaviors in Public Spaces', Wageningen, Netherlands, 27/08/2014 - 29/08/2014, . https://doi.org/10.13140/2.1.2247.5205

APA

Nielsen, S. Z., Gade, R., Moeslund, T. B., & Skov-Petersen, H. (2014). Measuring Human Movement Patterns and Behaviors in Public Spaces. Poster session presented at Measuring Behavior 2014, Wageningen, Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.13140/2.1.2247.5205

Vancouver

Nielsen SZ, Gade R, Moeslund TB, Skov-Petersen H. Measuring Human Movement Patterns and Behaviors in Public Spaces. 2014. Poster session presented at Measuring Behavior 2014, Wageningen, Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.13140/2.1.2247.5205

Author

Nielsen, Søren Zebitz ; Gade, Rikke ; Moeslund, Thomas B. ; Skov-Petersen, Hans. / Measuring Human Movement Patterns and Behaviors in Public Spaces. Poster session presented at Measuring Behavior 2014, Wageningen, Netherlands.1 p.

Bibtex

@conference{b6173ffe0f8b4517ae0ac95905080554,
title = "Measuring Human Movement Patterns and Behaviors in Public Spaces",
abstract = "In order to assess human movement patterns and behaviors in public spaces we present a method using thermal cameras and Computer Vision (CV) technology, combined with the analytical virtues of Geographical Information Systems (GIS), to track people in urban streets and plazas. The method enables recording of georeferenced positions of individuals in a scene 30 times per second with a spatial accuracy about 25-50 cm. This allows for the analysis of behavior and attendance at a fine scale compared to other established methods for pedestrian behavior monitoring. The use of thermal cameras has the advantage over normal cameras that they can operate independent of light, and in many situations they perform better with Computer Vision software as segmentation of moving objects is easier in thermal video. At the same time concerns for privacy issues when tracking people can be neglected since the identity of individuals cannot be revealed in thermal images. Thus the technique ensures privacy by design. Furthermore the prices on thermal cameras continue to be lowered at the same time as the resolution keeps improving. This add to the practical applicability of such sensors for pedestrian behavioral studies.Our method builds on previous work and extends the analysis to the GIS domain by capturing georeferenced tracks. This allows for analysis of the tracks in relation to other spatio-temporally referenced data. Environmental variables that might influence movement patterns in urban landscapes such as sunny or shaded areas, wind speed, humidity, rain, can be brought in, as well as a 3D model of the scene, or socio-economic and statistical data for the neighborhood in which the tracking is taking place. In 2013 we conducted a pilot study in Copenhagen in a pedestrian zone with a continuous flow of pedestrians from several directions that needed to negotiate and avoid each other. A single state-of-the-art uncooled thermal camera with a resolution of 640x480 pixels (Axis Q1922), a lens with a focal length of 10 mm, a viewing angle of 57o, and 30 fps camera frame rate was used. Background subtraction was applied to detect people. To assess the quality of the trajectories generated by the CV software, a sample of Ground Truth (GT) trajectories were digitized manually for all individuals simultaneously present in the scene in parts of the video recorded. The manual digitization was done in the T-Analyst software developed at Lund University. Tracks of people walking alone or in social groups of different sizes were recorded, as well as people waiting, people having a conversation, and people dragging their bikes or pushing prams or wheelchairs. The tracks of ‘facers’ working for a charity organization trying to stop people in the street to make them donate to the cause were also recorded in the scene. Our method enables the tracks of individuals in the different situations to be extracted in GIS for further analysis of the detailed movement behaviors in the specific contexts. Further research will be to develop advanced methods in GIS to enable extraction of behavioral parameters for different classes of tracks that can be used to calibrate models of pedestrian movement.Our approach to tracking urban public life should be seen as a supplement to the traditional qualitative and intuitive manual approaches to collection of data used in studies of urban public spaces and qualities. It is the aim that our approach can contribute to the development of new digital methods in this field.",
keywords = "The Faculty of Science, Tracking, GIS, Termisk kamera, Adf{\ae}rd, Fodg{\ae}ngere, Byrum, space-time cube, Computer Vision, Tracking, GIS, Thermal camera, Space-time cube, Urban Plazas, Pedestrian behaviors, Computer Vision",
author = "Nielsen, {S{\o}ren Zebitz} and Rikke Gade and Moeslund, {Thomas B.} and Hans Skov-Petersen",
note = "The poster was used again for the internal IGN PhD student conference 2014; null ; Conference date: 27-08-2014 Through 29-08-2014",
year = "2014",
month = "8",
day = "27",
doi = "10.13140/2.1.2247.5205",
language = "English",

}

RIS

TY - CONF

T1 - Measuring Human Movement Patterns and Behaviors in Public Spaces

AU - Nielsen, Søren Zebitz

AU - Gade, Rikke

AU - Moeslund, Thomas B.

AU - Skov-Petersen, Hans

N1 - The poster was used again for the internal IGN PhD student conference 2014

PY - 2014/8/27

Y1 - 2014/8/27

N2 - In order to assess human movement patterns and behaviors in public spaces we present a method using thermal cameras and Computer Vision (CV) technology, combined with the analytical virtues of Geographical Information Systems (GIS), to track people in urban streets and plazas. The method enables recording of georeferenced positions of individuals in a scene 30 times per second with a spatial accuracy about 25-50 cm. This allows for the analysis of behavior and attendance at a fine scale compared to other established methods for pedestrian behavior monitoring. The use of thermal cameras has the advantage over normal cameras that they can operate independent of light, and in many situations they perform better with Computer Vision software as segmentation of moving objects is easier in thermal video. At the same time concerns for privacy issues when tracking people can be neglected since the identity of individuals cannot be revealed in thermal images. Thus the technique ensures privacy by design. Furthermore the prices on thermal cameras continue to be lowered at the same time as the resolution keeps improving. This add to the practical applicability of such sensors for pedestrian behavioral studies.Our method builds on previous work and extends the analysis to the GIS domain by capturing georeferenced tracks. This allows for analysis of the tracks in relation to other spatio-temporally referenced data. Environmental variables that might influence movement patterns in urban landscapes such as sunny or shaded areas, wind speed, humidity, rain, can be brought in, as well as a 3D model of the scene, or socio-economic and statistical data for the neighborhood in which the tracking is taking place. In 2013 we conducted a pilot study in Copenhagen in a pedestrian zone with a continuous flow of pedestrians from several directions that needed to negotiate and avoid each other. A single state-of-the-art uncooled thermal camera with a resolution of 640x480 pixels (Axis Q1922), a lens with a focal length of 10 mm, a viewing angle of 57o, and 30 fps camera frame rate was used. Background subtraction was applied to detect people. To assess the quality of the trajectories generated by the CV software, a sample of Ground Truth (GT) trajectories were digitized manually for all individuals simultaneously present in the scene in parts of the video recorded. The manual digitization was done in the T-Analyst software developed at Lund University. Tracks of people walking alone or in social groups of different sizes were recorded, as well as people waiting, people having a conversation, and people dragging their bikes or pushing prams or wheelchairs. The tracks of ‘facers’ working for a charity organization trying to stop people in the street to make them donate to the cause were also recorded in the scene. Our method enables the tracks of individuals in the different situations to be extracted in GIS for further analysis of the detailed movement behaviors in the specific contexts. Further research will be to develop advanced methods in GIS to enable extraction of behavioral parameters for different classes of tracks that can be used to calibrate models of pedestrian movement.Our approach to tracking urban public life should be seen as a supplement to the traditional qualitative and intuitive manual approaches to collection of data used in studies of urban public spaces and qualities. It is the aim that our approach can contribute to the development of new digital methods in this field.

AB - In order to assess human movement patterns and behaviors in public spaces we present a method using thermal cameras and Computer Vision (CV) technology, combined with the analytical virtues of Geographical Information Systems (GIS), to track people in urban streets and plazas. The method enables recording of georeferenced positions of individuals in a scene 30 times per second with a spatial accuracy about 25-50 cm. This allows for the analysis of behavior and attendance at a fine scale compared to other established methods for pedestrian behavior monitoring. The use of thermal cameras has the advantage over normal cameras that they can operate independent of light, and in many situations they perform better with Computer Vision software as segmentation of moving objects is easier in thermal video. At the same time concerns for privacy issues when tracking people can be neglected since the identity of individuals cannot be revealed in thermal images. Thus the technique ensures privacy by design. Furthermore the prices on thermal cameras continue to be lowered at the same time as the resolution keeps improving. This add to the practical applicability of such sensors for pedestrian behavioral studies.Our method builds on previous work and extends the analysis to the GIS domain by capturing georeferenced tracks. This allows for analysis of the tracks in relation to other spatio-temporally referenced data. Environmental variables that might influence movement patterns in urban landscapes such as sunny or shaded areas, wind speed, humidity, rain, can be brought in, as well as a 3D model of the scene, or socio-economic and statistical data for the neighborhood in which the tracking is taking place. In 2013 we conducted a pilot study in Copenhagen in a pedestrian zone with a continuous flow of pedestrians from several directions that needed to negotiate and avoid each other. A single state-of-the-art uncooled thermal camera with a resolution of 640x480 pixels (Axis Q1922), a lens with a focal length of 10 mm, a viewing angle of 57o, and 30 fps camera frame rate was used. Background subtraction was applied to detect people. To assess the quality of the trajectories generated by the CV software, a sample of Ground Truth (GT) trajectories were digitized manually for all individuals simultaneously present in the scene in parts of the video recorded. The manual digitization was done in the T-Analyst software developed at Lund University. Tracks of people walking alone or in social groups of different sizes were recorded, as well as people waiting, people having a conversation, and people dragging their bikes or pushing prams or wheelchairs. The tracks of ‘facers’ working for a charity organization trying to stop people in the street to make them donate to the cause were also recorded in the scene. Our method enables the tracks of individuals in the different situations to be extracted in GIS for further analysis of the detailed movement behaviors in the specific contexts. Further research will be to develop advanced methods in GIS to enable extraction of behavioral parameters for different classes of tracks that can be used to calibrate models of pedestrian movement.Our approach to tracking urban public life should be seen as a supplement to the traditional qualitative and intuitive manual approaches to collection of data used in studies of urban public spaces and qualities. It is the aim that our approach can contribute to the development of new digital methods in this field.

KW - The Faculty of Science

KW - Tracking

KW - GIS

KW - Termisk kamera

KW - Adfærd

KW - Fodgængere

KW - Byrum

KW - space-time cube

KW - Computer Vision

KW - Tracking

KW - GIS

KW - Thermal camera

KW - Space-time cube

KW - Urban Plazas

KW - Pedestrian behaviors

KW - Computer Vision

U2 - 10.13140/2.1.2247.5205

DO - 10.13140/2.1.2247.5205

M3 - Poster

ER -

ID: 128787504