Long-term patterns of adherence to medication therapy among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Denmark: The importance of initiation

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Standard

Long-term patterns of adherence to medication therapy among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Denmark : The importance of initiation. / Jensen, Majken Linnemann; Jørgensen, Marit Eika; Hansen, Ebba Holme; Aagaard, Lise; Carstensen, Bendix.

In: PloS one, Vol. 12, No. 6, e0179546, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Jensen, ML, Jørgensen, ME, Hansen, EH, Aagaard, L & Carstensen, B 2017, 'Long-term patterns of adherence to medication therapy among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Denmark: The importance of initiation', PloS one, vol. 12, no. 6, e0179546. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0179546

APA

Jensen, M. L., Jørgensen, M. E., Hansen, E. H., Aagaard, L., & Carstensen, B. (2017). Long-term patterns of adherence to medication therapy among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Denmark: The importance of initiation. PloS one, 12(6), [e0179546]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0179546

Vancouver

Jensen ML, Jørgensen ME, Hansen EH, Aagaard L, Carstensen B. Long-term patterns of adherence to medication therapy among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Denmark: The importance of initiation. PloS one. 2017;12(6). e0179546. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0179546

Author

Jensen, Majken Linnemann ; Jørgensen, Marit Eika ; Hansen, Ebba Holme ; Aagaard, Lise ; Carstensen, Bendix. / Long-term patterns of adherence to medication therapy among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Denmark : The importance of initiation. In: PloS one. 2017 ; Vol. 12, No. 6.

Bibtex

@article{90bf6e4ddce84810a1449f27acf90e18,
title = "Long-term patterns of adherence to medication therapy among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Denmark: The importance of initiation",
abstract = "AIMS: Poor adherence to medication therapy among type 2 diabetes patients is a clinical challenge. We aimed to determine which factors are associated with the three phases of long-term adherence to medication: initiation, implementation and discontinuation in a register-based study.METHODS: Adherence to six medicine groups (metformin, sulfonylureas, acetylsalicylic acid, thiazide diuretics, renin angiotensin system inhibitors, and statins) were analysed among 5,232 patients with type 2 diabetes at a tertiary referral hospital during 1998-2009. Rate-ratios of initiation of treatment, recurrent gaps in supply of medication, and discontinuation of treatment were analysed using Poisson regression.RESULTS: Poor initiation rather than poor implementation or discontinuation was the main contributor to medication nonadherence. Polypharmacy was a risk factor for slower initiation of treatment for all six medicine groups (rate ratio ranging 0.79 95{\%}CI [0.72-0.87] to 0.89 95{\%}CI [0.82-0.96] per already prescribed medicine), but once patients were in treatment, polypharmacy was not associated with recurrence of gaps in supply of medication, and polypharmacy was associated with lower risk of discontinuation (rate ratio ranging 0.93 95{\%}CI [0.86-1.00] to 0.96 95{\%}CI [0.93-0.99] per prescribed medicine). Other identified risk factors for slow initiation, poor implementation, and discontinuation were diabetes duration, younger age, and Turkish/Pakistani origin.DISCUSSION: This study showed that a risk factor does not necessarily have the same association with all three elements of adherence (initiation, implementation and discontinuation), and that efforts supporting patients introduced to more complex drug combinations should be prioritized.",
keywords = "Journal Article",
author = "Jensen, {Majken Linnemann} and J{\o}rgensen, {Marit Eika} and Hansen, {Ebba Holme} and Lise Aagaard and Bendix Carstensen",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0179546",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
journal = "P L o S One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Long-term patterns of adherence to medication therapy among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Denmark

T2 - The importance of initiation

AU - Jensen, Majken Linnemann

AU - Jørgensen, Marit Eika

AU - Hansen, Ebba Holme

AU - Aagaard, Lise

AU - Carstensen, Bendix

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - AIMS: Poor adherence to medication therapy among type 2 diabetes patients is a clinical challenge. We aimed to determine which factors are associated with the three phases of long-term adherence to medication: initiation, implementation and discontinuation in a register-based study.METHODS: Adherence to six medicine groups (metformin, sulfonylureas, acetylsalicylic acid, thiazide diuretics, renin angiotensin system inhibitors, and statins) were analysed among 5,232 patients with type 2 diabetes at a tertiary referral hospital during 1998-2009. Rate-ratios of initiation of treatment, recurrent gaps in supply of medication, and discontinuation of treatment were analysed using Poisson regression.RESULTS: Poor initiation rather than poor implementation or discontinuation was the main contributor to medication nonadherence. Polypharmacy was a risk factor for slower initiation of treatment for all six medicine groups (rate ratio ranging 0.79 95%CI [0.72-0.87] to 0.89 95%CI [0.82-0.96] per already prescribed medicine), but once patients were in treatment, polypharmacy was not associated with recurrence of gaps in supply of medication, and polypharmacy was associated with lower risk of discontinuation (rate ratio ranging 0.93 95%CI [0.86-1.00] to 0.96 95%CI [0.93-0.99] per prescribed medicine). Other identified risk factors for slow initiation, poor implementation, and discontinuation were diabetes duration, younger age, and Turkish/Pakistani origin.DISCUSSION: This study showed that a risk factor does not necessarily have the same association with all three elements of adherence (initiation, implementation and discontinuation), and that efforts supporting patients introduced to more complex drug combinations should be prioritized.

AB - AIMS: Poor adherence to medication therapy among type 2 diabetes patients is a clinical challenge. We aimed to determine which factors are associated with the three phases of long-term adherence to medication: initiation, implementation and discontinuation in a register-based study.METHODS: Adherence to six medicine groups (metformin, sulfonylureas, acetylsalicylic acid, thiazide diuretics, renin angiotensin system inhibitors, and statins) were analysed among 5,232 patients with type 2 diabetes at a tertiary referral hospital during 1998-2009. Rate-ratios of initiation of treatment, recurrent gaps in supply of medication, and discontinuation of treatment were analysed using Poisson regression.RESULTS: Poor initiation rather than poor implementation or discontinuation was the main contributor to medication nonadherence. Polypharmacy was a risk factor for slower initiation of treatment for all six medicine groups (rate ratio ranging 0.79 95%CI [0.72-0.87] to 0.89 95%CI [0.82-0.96] per already prescribed medicine), but once patients were in treatment, polypharmacy was not associated with recurrence of gaps in supply of medication, and polypharmacy was associated with lower risk of discontinuation (rate ratio ranging 0.93 95%CI [0.86-1.00] to 0.96 95%CI [0.93-0.99] per prescribed medicine). Other identified risk factors for slow initiation, poor implementation, and discontinuation were diabetes duration, younger age, and Turkish/Pakistani origin.DISCUSSION: This study showed that a risk factor does not necessarily have the same association with all three elements of adherence (initiation, implementation and discontinuation), and that efforts supporting patients introduced to more complex drug combinations should be prioritized.

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0179546

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0179546

M3 - Journal article

VL - 12

JO - P L o S One

JF - P L o S One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 6

M1 - e0179546

ER -

ID: 182156504