[Leu31, Pro34]neuropeptide Y: a specific Y1 receptor agonist
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Two types of binding sites have previously been described for 36-amino acid neuropeptide Y (NPY), called Y1 and Y2 receptors. Y2 receptors can bind long C-terminal fragments of NPY-e.g., NPY-(13-36)-peptide. In contrast, Y1 receptors have until now only been characterized as NPY receptors that do not bind such fragments. In the present study an NPY analog is presented, [Leu31, Pro34]NPY, which in a series of human neuroblastoma cell lines and on rat PC-12 cells can displace radiolabeled NPY only from cells that express Y1 receptors and not from those expressing Y2 receptors. The radiolabeled analog, [125I-Tyr36] monoiodo-[Leu31, Pro34]NPY, also binds specifically only to cells with Y1 receptors. The binding of this analog to Y1 receptors on human neuroblastoma cells is associated with a transient increase in cytoplasmic free calcium concentrations similar to the response observed with NPY. [Leu31, Pro34]NPY is also active in vivo as it is even more potent than NPY in increasing blood pressure in anesthetized rats. It is concluded that [Leu31, Pro34]NPY is a specific Y1 receptor agonist and that the analog or variants of it can be useful in delineating the physiological importance of Y1 receptors.
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 1990|
- Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Binding, Competitive, Blood Pressure, Calcium, Cell Line, Female, Heart Rate, Humans, Indicators and Reagents, Kinetics, Molecular Sequence Data, Neuropeptide Y, Rats, Rats, Inbred Strains, Receptors, Neuropeptide Y, Receptors, Neurotransmitter