Interactions between genetic variants associated with adiposity traits and soft drinks in relation to longitudinal changes in body weight and waist circumference

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Interactions between genetic variants associated with adiposity traits and soft drinks in relation to longitudinal changes in body weight and waist circumference. / Olsen, Nanna J; Ängquist, Lars; Larsen, Sofus C; Linneberg, Allan; Skaaby, Tea; Husemoen, Lise Lotte N; Toft, Ulla; Tjønneland, Anne; Halkjær, Jytte; Hansen, Torben; Pedersen, Oluf; Overvad, Kim; Ahluwalia, Tarunveer S; Sørensen, Thorkild Ia; Heitmann, Berit L.

In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 104, No. 3, 2016, p. 816-826.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Olsen, NJ, Ängquist, L, Larsen, SC, Linneberg, A, Skaaby, T, Husemoen, LLN, Toft, U, Tjønneland, A, Halkjær, J, Hansen, T, Pedersen, O, Overvad, K, Ahluwalia, TS, Sørensen, TI & Heitmann, BL 2016, 'Interactions between genetic variants associated with adiposity traits and soft drinks in relation to longitudinal changes in body weight and waist circumference', American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 104, no. 3, pp. 816-826. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.115.122820

APA

Olsen, N. J., Ängquist, L., Larsen, S. C., Linneberg, A., Skaaby, T., Husemoen, L. L. N., ... Heitmann, B. L. (2016). Interactions between genetic variants associated with adiposity traits and soft drinks in relation to longitudinal changes in body weight and waist circumference. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 104(3), 816-826. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.115.122820

Vancouver

Olsen NJ, Ängquist L, Larsen SC, Linneberg A, Skaaby T, Husemoen LLN et al. Interactions between genetic variants associated with adiposity traits and soft drinks in relation to longitudinal changes in body weight and waist circumference. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2016;104(3):816-826. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.115.122820

Author

Olsen, Nanna J ; Ängquist, Lars ; Larsen, Sofus C ; Linneberg, Allan ; Skaaby, Tea ; Husemoen, Lise Lotte N ; Toft, Ulla ; Tjønneland, Anne ; Halkjær, Jytte ; Hansen, Torben ; Pedersen, Oluf ; Overvad, Kim ; Ahluwalia, Tarunveer S ; Sørensen, Thorkild Ia ; Heitmann, Berit L. / Interactions between genetic variants associated with adiposity traits and soft drinks in relation to longitudinal changes in body weight and waist circumference. In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2016 ; Vol. 104, No. 3. pp. 816-826.

Bibtex

@article{d496b3cc63e54748b7424865de302634,
title = "Interactions between genetic variants associated with adiposity traits and soft drinks in relation to longitudinal changes in body weight and waist circumference",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with obesity, and this association may be modified by a genetic predisposition to obesity.OBJECTIVE: We examined the interactions between a molecular genetic predisposition to various aspects of obesity and the consumption of soft drinks, which are a major part of sugar-sweetened beverages, in relation to changes in adiposity measures.DESIGN: A total of 4765 individuals were included in the study. On the basis of 50 obesity-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms that are associated with body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), or the waist-to-hip ratio adjusted for BMI (WHRBMI), the following 4 genetic predisposition scores (GRSs) were constructed: a complete genetic predisposition score including all 50 single nucleotide polymorphisms (GRSComplete), a genetic predisposition score including BMI-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (GRSBMI), a genetic predisposition score including waist circumference-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (GRSWC), and a genetic predisposition score including the waist-to-hip ratio adjusted for BMI-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (GRSWHR). Associations between soft drink intake and the annual change (Δ) in body weight (BW), WC, or waist circumference adjusted for BMI (WCBMI) and possible interactions with the GRSs were examined with the use of linear regression analyses and meta-analyses.RESULTS: For each soft drink serving per day, soft drink consumption was significantly associated with a higher ΔBW of 0.07 kg/y (95{\%} CI: 0.01, 0.13 kg/y; P = 0.020) but not with the ΔWC or ΔWCBMI In analyses of the ΔBW, we showed an interaction only with the GRSWC (per risk allele for each soft drink serving per day: -0.06 kg/y; 95{\%} CI: -0.10, -0.02 kg/y; P = 0.006). In analyses of the ΔWC, we showed interactions only with the GRSBMI and GRSComplete [per risk allele for each soft drink serving per day: 0.05 cm/y (95{\%} CI: 0.02, 0.09 cm/y; P = 0.001) and 0.05 cm/y (95{\%} CI: 0.02, 0.07 cm/y; P = 0.001), respectively]. Nearly identical results were observed in analyses of the ΔWCBMI CONCLUSIONS: A genetic predisposition to a high WC may attenuate the association between soft drink intake and BW gain. A genetic predisposition to high BMI as well as a genetic predisposition to high BMI, WC, and WHRBMI combined may strengthen the association between soft drink intake and WC gain. However, the public health impact may be limited.",
keywords = "Adiposity/ethnology, Body Mass Index, Carbonated Beverages/adverse effects, Cohort Studies, Confounding Factors (Epidemiology), Denmark/epidemiology, Dietary Carbohydrates/administration & dosage, Female, Genetic Association Studies, Genetic Loci, Genetic Predisposition to Disease/ethnology, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Middle Aged, Nutrigenomics/methods, Obesity/epidemiology, Overweight/epidemiology, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Prospective Studies, Registries, Waist Circumference/ethnology, Waist-Hip Ratio, Weight Gain/ethnology",
author = "Olsen, {Nanna J} and Lars {\"A}ngquist and Larsen, {Sofus C} and Allan Linneberg and Tea Skaaby and Husemoen, {Lise Lotte N} and Ulla Toft and Anne Tj{\o}nneland and Jytte Halkj{\ae}r and Torben Hansen and Oluf Pedersen and Kim Overvad and Ahluwalia, {Tarunveer S} and S{\o}rensen, {Thorkild Ia} and Heitmann, {Berit L}",
note = "{\circledC} 2016 American Society for Nutrition.",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.3945/ajcn.115.122820",
language = "English",
volume = "104",
pages = "816--826",
journal = "American Journal of Clinical Nutrition",
issn = "0002-9165",
publisher = "American Society for Nutrition",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Interactions between genetic variants associated with adiposity traits and soft drinks in relation to longitudinal changes in body weight and waist circumference

AU - Olsen, Nanna J

AU - Ängquist, Lars

AU - Larsen, Sofus C

AU - Linneberg, Allan

AU - Skaaby, Tea

AU - Husemoen, Lise Lotte N

AU - Toft, Ulla

AU - Tjønneland, Anne

AU - Halkjær, Jytte

AU - Hansen, Torben

AU - Pedersen, Oluf

AU - Overvad, Kim

AU - Ahluwalia, Tarunveer S

AU - Sørensen, Thorkild Ia

AU - Heitmann, Berit L

N1 - © 2016 American Society for Nutrition.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - BACKGROUND: Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with obesity, and this association may be modified by a genetic predisposition to obesity.OBJECTIVE: We examined the interactions between a molecular genetic predisposition to various aspects of obesity and the consumption of soft drinks, which are a major part of sugar-sweetened beverages, in relation to changes in adiposity measures.DESIGN: A total of 4765 individuals were included in the study. On the basis of 50 obesity-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms that are associated with body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), or the waist-to-hip ratio adjusted for BMI (WHRBMI), the following 4 genetic predisposition scores (GRSs) were constructed: a complete genetic predisposition score including all 50 single nucleotide polymorphisms (GRSComplete), a genetic predisposition score including BMI-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (GRSBMI), a genetic predisposition score including waist circumference-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (GRSWC), and a genetic predisposition score including the waist-to-hip ratio adjusted for BMI-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (GRSWHR). Associations between soft drink intake and the annual change (Δ) in body weight (BW), WC, or waist circumference adjusted for BMI (WCBMI) and possible interactions with the GRSs were examined with the use of linear regression analyses and meta-analyses.RESULTS: For each soft drink serving per day, soft drink consumption was significantly associated with a higher ΔBW of 0.07 kg/y (95% CI: 0.01, 0.13 kg/y; P = 0.020) but not with the ΔWC or ΔWCBMI In analyses of the ΔBW, we showed an interaction only with the GRSWC (per risk allele for each soft drink serving per day: -0.06 kg/y; 95% CI: -0.10, -0.02 kg/y; P = 0.006). In analyses of the ΔWC, we showed interactions only with the GRSBMI and GRSComplete [per risk allele for each soft drink serving per day: 0.05 cm/y (95% CI: 0.02, 0.09 cm/y; P = 0.001) and 0.05 cm/y (95% CI: 0.02, 0.07 cm/y; P = 0.001), respectively]. Nearly identical results were observed in analyses of the ΔWCBMI CONCLUSIONS: A genetic predisposition to a high WC may attenuate the association between soft drink intake and BW gain. A genetic predisposition to high BMI as well as a genetic predisposition to high BMI, WC, and WHRBMI combined may strengthen the association between soft drink intake and WC gain. However, the public health impact may be limited.

AB - BACKGROUND: Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with obesity, and this association may be modified by a genetic predisposition to obesity.OBJECTIVE: We examined the interactions between a molecular genetic predisposition to various aspects of obesity and the consumption of soft drinks, which are a major part of sugar-sweetened beverages, in relation to changes in adiposity measures.DESIGN: A total of 4765 individuals were included in the study. On the basis of 50 obesity-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms that are associated with body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), or the waist-to-hip ratio adjusted for BMI (WHRBMI), the following 4 genetic predisposition scores (GRSs) were constructed: a complete genetic predisposition score including all 50 single nucleotide polymorphisms (GRSComplete), a genetic predisposition score including BMI-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (GRSBMI), a genetic predisposition score including waist circumference-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (GRSWC), and a genetic predisposition score including the waist-to-hip ratio adjusted for BMI-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (GRSWHR). Associations between soft drink intake and the annual change (Δ) in body weight (BW), WC, or waist circumference adjusted for BMI (WCBMI) and possible interactions with the GRSs were examined with the use of linear regression analyses and meta-analyses.RESULTS: For each soft drink serving per day, soft drink consumption was significantly associated with a higher ΔBW of 0.07 kg/y (95% CI: 0.01, 0.13 kg/y; P = 0.020) but not with the ΔWC or ΔWCBMI In analyses of the ΔBW, we showed an interaction only with the GRSWC (per risk allele for each soft drink serving per day: -0.06 kg/y; 95% CI: -0.10, -0.02 kg/y; P = 0.006). In analyses of the ΔWC, we showed interactions only with the GRSBMI and GRSComplete [per risk allele for each soft drink serving per day: 0.05 cm/y (95% CI: 0.02, 0.09 cm/y; P = 0.001) and 0.05 cm/y (95% CI: 0.02, 0.07 cm/y; P = 0.001), respectively]. Nearly identical results were observed in analyses of the ΔWCBMI CONCLUSIONS: A genetic predisposition to a high WC may attenuate the association between soft drink intake and BW gain. A genetic predisposition to high BMI as well as a genetic predisposition to high BMI, WC, and WHRBMI combined may strengthen the association between soft drink intake and WC gain. However, the public health impact may be limited.

KW - Adiposity/ethnology

KW - Body Mass Index

KW - Carbonated Beverages/adverse effects

KW - Cohort Studies

KW - Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)

KW - Denmark/epidemiology

KW - Dietary Carbohydrates/administration & dosage

KW - Female

KW - Genetic Association Studies

KW - Genetic Loci

KW - Genetic Predisposition to Disease/ethnology

KW - Humans

KW - Longitudinal Studies

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Nutrigenomics/methods

KW - Obesity/epidemiology

KW - Overweight/epidemiology

KW - Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide

KW - Prospective Studies

KW - Registries

KW - Waist Circumference/ethnology

KW - Waist-Hip Ratio

KW - Weight Gain/ethnology

U2 - 10.3945/ajcn.115.122820

DO - 10.3945/ajcn.115.122820

M3 - Journal article

VL - 104

SP - 816

EP - 826

JO - American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

JF - American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

SN - 0002-9165

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 203676858