Identification of novel LEPR mutations in Pakistani families with morbid childhood obesity

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Robina Khan Niazi, Anette P Gjesing, Mette Hollensted, Christian Theil Have, Niels Grarup, Oluf Pedersen, Asmat Ullah, Gulbin Shahid, Wasim Ahmad, Asma Gul, Torben Hansen

BACKGROUND: Mutations in the genes encoding leptin (LEP), the leptin receptor (LEPR), and the melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) are known to cause severe early-onset childhood obesity. The aim of the current study was to examine the prevalence of damaging LEP, LEPR, and MC4R mutations in Pakistani families having a recessive heritance of early-onset obesity.

METHODS: Using targeted resequencing, the presence of rare mutations in LEP, LEPR, and MC4R, was investigated in individuals from 25 families suspected of having autosomal recessive early-onset obesity. Segregation patterns of variants were assessed based on chip-based genotyping.

RESULTS: Homozygous LEPR variants were identified in two probands. One carried a deletion (c.3260AG) resulting in the frameshift mutation p.Ser1090Trpfs*6, and the second carried a substitution (c.2675C > G) resulting in the missense mutation p.Pro892Arg. Both mutations were located within regions of homozygosity shared only among affected individuals. Both probands displayed early-onset obesity, hyperphagia and diabetes. No mutations were found in LEP and MC4R.

CONCLUSIONS: The current study highlights the implication of LEPR mutations in cases of severe early-onset obesity in consanguineous Pakistani families. Through targeted resequencing, we identified novel damaging mutations, and our approach may therefore be utilized in clinical testing or diagnosis of known forms of monogenic obesity with the aim of optimizing obesity treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number199
JournalBMC Medical Genetics
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)1-8
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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