Host-microbiota interaction induces bi-phasic inflammation and glucose intolerance in mice
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- Host–microbiota interaction induces bi-phasic inflammation and glucose intolerance in mice
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Antonio Molinaro, Robert Caesar, Louise Mannerås Holm, Valentina Tremaroli, Patrice D Cani, Fredrik Bäckhed
OBJECTIVE: Gut microbiota modulates adiposity and glucose metabolism in humans and mice. Here we investigated how colonization of germ-free (GF) mice affects kinetics of adiposity and glucose metabolism.
METHODS: Adiposity and glucose metabolism were evaluated at different time points in ex-GF and antibiotic treated mice after colonization with gut microbiota from a conventionally raised (CONV-R) mouse. Mouse physiology, microbiome configuration, serum cytokine levels, and gene expression for inflammatory markers were performed in different tissues.
RESULTS: Colonization resulted in a bi-phasic glucose impairment: the first phase occurring within 3 days of colonization (early phase) and the second 14-28 days after colonization (delayed phase). The early phase co-occurred with an inflammatory response and was independent of adiposity, while the delayed phase was mostly ascribed to adipose tissue expansion and inflammation. Importantly, re-colonization of antibiotic treated mice displays only the delayed phase of glucose impairment and adiposity, suggesting that the early phase may be unique to colonization of the immature GF mice gut.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results provide new insights on host-microbiota interaction during colonization of GF mice and the resulting effects on adiposity and glucose metabolism in a time resolved fashion.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2017|
- Journal Article
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