High molecular weight PEGylation of human pancreatic polypeptide at position 22 improves stability and reduces food intake in mice

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V Thieme, N Jolly, A N Madsen, K Bellmann-Sickert, T W Schwartz, B Holst, H M Cox, A G Beck-Sickinger

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Human pancreatic polypeptide (hPP) is known to suppress appetite and food intake, thereby representing a potential therapeutic approach against obesity and associated metabolic disorders. The aim of this study was to improve hPP stability by covalent PEGylation with diverse molecular weight polyethylene glycols (PEGs) at two positions using promising lead structures while maintaining target activity.

EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Modified peptides were synthesized by combined solid-phase and solution-phase peptide synthesis. Their potency was investigated in constitutively expressing human epithelial cells and isolated human colonic mucosa as well as receptor-transfected artificial cell lines. Human blood plasma and porcine liver homogenates were used to examine the in vitro stability of the analogues. The most promising variants were injected s.c. in C57BL/6JRj mice to monitor fasting-induced food intake and bioavailability.

KEY RESULTS: In human epithelia and colonic mucosal preparations, activity of the modified hPP peptides depended on the core sequence and latency of the peptides was related to PEG size. Peptides modified with a 22 kDa PEG (PEG22) remained intact in blood plasma and on incubation with liver homogenates for more than 96 h. Finally, hPP2-36 , [K(22) (PEG22)]hPP2-36 and [K(22) (PEG22),Q(34) ]hPP significantly reduced cumulative food intake in mice over 16 h after s.c. administration.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Modification with PEG22 at position 22 stabilizes hPP significantly while extending its biological activities and could be used in drug development prospectively.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Volume173
Issue number22
Pages (from-to)3208-3221
Number of pages14
ISSN0007-1188
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2016

ID: 168934565