Gq and Gs signaling acting in synergy to control GLP-1 secretion

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Maria Hauge Pedersen, Jeppe Hvidtfeldt Ekberg, Maja Storm Engelstoft, Pascal Timshel, Andreas N Madsen, Thue W Schwartz

GPR40 is generally known to signal through Gq. However, in transfected cells, certain synthetic agonists can make the receptor signal also through Gs and cAMP (Hauge et al., 2015). Here we find that, in colonic crypt cultures, the GLP-1 secretion induced by such Gq + Gs GPR40 agonists is indeed inhibited by blockers of both Gq and Gs and is eliminated by combining these. This in contrast to Gq-only GPR40 agonists which only are affected by the Gq inhibitor. Importantly, Gq-only GPR40 agonists in combination with low doses of selective synthetic agonists for Gs coupled receptors, e.g. GPR119 and TGR5 provide more than additive GLP-1 secretion both ex vivo and in vivo in mice. It is concluded that under physiological circumstances triglyceride metabolites, i.e. long chain fatty acids and 2-monoacyl glycerol plus bile acids, act synergistically through their respective receptors, GPR40, GPR119 and TGR5 to stimulate GLP-1 secretion robustly by combining Gq and Gs signaling pathways.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Volume449
Pages (from-to)64-73
ISSN0303-7207
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017

ID: 172434082