Glucagon-like peptides GLP-1 and GLP-2, predicted products of the glucagon gene, are secreted separately from pig small intestine but not pancreas
Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article › Research › peer-review
We developed specific antibodies and RIAs for glucagon-like peptides 1 and 2 (GLP-1 and GLP-2), two predicted products of the glucagon gene, and studied the occurrence, nature, and secretion of immunoreactive GLP-1 and GLP-2 in pig pancreas and small intestine. Immunoreactive GLP-1 and GLP-2 were identified in glucagon-producing cells of the pancreatic islets, and in glicentin-producing cells of the small intestine. Immunoreactive GLP-1 and 2 in intestinal extracts corresponded in molecular size to peptides synthesized according to the predicted structure. By reverse phase HPLC, intestinal and synthetic GLP-1 behaved similarly, whereas synthetic and intestinal GLP-2 differed. Pancreatic extracts contained a large peptide with both GLP-1 and GLP-2 immunoreactivity. Secretion was studied using isolated perfused pig pancreas during arginine stimulation, and isolated perfused pig ileum during either luminal glucose stimulation or vascular administration of the neuropeptide, gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP). Immunoreactive GLP-1 and GLP-2 were secreted in parallel with pancreatic glucagon and intestinal glicentin. The molecular forms of secreted immunoreactive GLP-1 and 2 corresponded to those identified in the tissue extracts.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 1986|
- Animals, Arginine, Gastrin-Releasing Peptide, Glucagon, Glucagon-Like Peptide 1, Glucagon-Like Peptide 2, Glucose, Histocytochemistry, Immunoenzyme Techniques, Intestine, Small, Pancreas, Peptides, Proglucagon, Protein Precursors, Swine