Genome-Wide Interactions with Dairy Intake for Body Mass Index in Adults of European Descent
Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article › Research › peer-review
Caren E Smith, Jack L Follis, Hassan S Dashti, Toshiko Tanaka, Mariaelisa Graff, Amanda M Fretts, Tuomas O. Kilpeläinen, Mary K Wojczynski, Kris Richardson, Mike A Nalls, Christina-Alexandra Schulz, Yongmei Liu, Alexis C Frazier-Wood, Esther van Eekelen, Carol Wang, Paul S de Vries, Vera Mikkilä, Rebecca Rohde, Bruce M Psaty, Torben Hansen & 43 others
SCOPE: Body weight responds variably to the intake of dairy foods. Genetic variation may contribute to inter-individual variability in associations between body weight and dairy consumption.
METHODS AND RESULTS: A genome-wide interaction study to discover genetic variants that account for variation in BMI in the context of low-fat, high-fat and total dairy intake in cross-sectional analysis was conducted. Data from nine discovery studies (up to 25 513 European descent individuals) were meta-analyzed. Twenty-six genetic variants reached the selected significance threshold (p-interaction <10-7), and six independent variants (LINC01512-rs7751666, PALM2/AKAP2-rs914359, ACTA2-rs1388, PPP1R12A-rs7961195, LINC00333-rs9635058, AC098847.1-rs1791355) were evaluated meta-analytically for replication of interaction in up to 17 675 individuals. Variant rs9635058 (128 kb 3' of LINC00333) was replicated (p-interaction = 0.004). In the discovery cohorts, rs9635058 interacted with dairy (p-interaction = 7.36 × 10-8)such that each serving of low-fat dairy was associated with 0.225 kg m-2lower BMI per each additional copy of the effect allele (A). A second genetic variant (ACTA2-rs1388) approached interaction replication significance for low-fat dairy exposure.
CONCLUSION: Body weight responses to dairy intake may be modified by genotype, in that greater dairy intake may protect a genetic subgroup from higher body weight.
|Journal||Molecular Nutrition & Food Research|
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|
- Journal Article, genome-wide interaction study, dairy intake, body mass index, meta-analysis, CHARGE consortium