Genital Infiltrations of CD4(+) and CD8(+) T Lymphocytes, IgA(+) and IgG(+) Plasma Cells and Intra-Mucosal Lymphoid Follicles Associate With Protection Against Genital Chlamydia trachomatis Infection in Minipigs Intramuscularly Immunized With UV-Inactivated Bacteria Adjuvanted With CAF01

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Karin Erneholm, Emma Lorenzen, Sarah Boje, Anja Weinreich Olsen, Gregers Jungersen, Henrik E. Jensen, Joseph P. Cassidy, Peter Andersen, Jorgen S. Agerholm, Frank Follmann

The development of a vaccine against genital chlamydia in women is advancing, and the evaluation of in situ immune responses following vaccination and challenge infections is crucial for development of a safe and protective vaccine. This study employs the sexually mature minipig model to characterize the genital in situ immune response to Chlamydia trachomatis infection in pigs previously immunized intramuscularly with UV-inactivated C. trachomatis serovar D (UV-SvD) adjuvanted/formulated with CAF01 adjuvant compared to a CAF01-alone control group. Pigs immunized with UV-SvD were significantly protected against vaginal challenge with C. trachomatis on day 3 post inoculation and showed significantly higher cervical infiltrations of approximately equal numbers of CD4+ and CD8+ T-cells, and IgG+ and IgA+ plasma cells compared to adjuvant-alone immunized controls. These immunological signatures correspond to findings in mice and are similar to those described in female chlamydia patients. This proves important potential for the pig model in elucidating immunological in situ signatures in future translational research in chlamydia vaccinology.
Original languageEnglish
Article number197
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
Volume10
Number of pages10
ISSN1664-302X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

    Research areas

  • porcine, chlamydia, pathology, histology, vaccine

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