Gastrin-releasing peptide in the porcine pancreas
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The presence of gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) was studied in extracts of porcine pancreata. Gel filtration and high-pressure liquid chromatographic profiles of these extracts as monitored with both C-terminally and N-terminally directed radioimmunoassays against GRP showed pancreatic GRP to consist of one main form, namely the 27-amino acid peptide originally extracted from porcine stomach, and small amounts of a C-terminal fragment identical with the C-terminal 10-amino acid peptide. Gastrin-releasing peptide-like immunoreactivity released from the isolated perfused porcine pancreas during electrical vagal stimulation was shown by gel filtration to consist of the same two forms. By use of immunocytochemical techniques employing an antiserum directed against its N terminus, GRP was localized to varicose nerve fibers in close association with the exocrine tissue of the porcine pancreas in particular. Some fibers were found penetrating into pancreatic islets also. Immunoreactive nerve cell bodies as well as fibers were found within intrapancreatic ganglia. The potency of GRP in stimulating exocrine as well as endocrine secretion from the porcine pancreas, its presence in close contact with both acini and islets, and its release during vagal stimulation indicate that GRP may have a role in the parasympathetic regulation of endocrine and exocrine secretion from the pig pancreas.
|Issue number||5 Pt 1|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - May 1987|
- Animals, Chromatography, Gel, Gastrin-Releasing Peptide, Immunoenzyme Techniques, Pancreas, Peptides, Radioimmunoassay, Swine, Tissue Extracts