Gastric Emptying and Distal Gastrectomy Independently Enhance Postprandial Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Release After a Mixed Meal and Improve Glycemic Control in Subjects Having Undergone Pancreaticoduodenectomy

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Emanuel Steiner, Robert Breuer, Lukas Kazianka, Marlene Wewalka, Thomas Stimpfl, Birgit Reiter, Jens Juul Holst, Johannes Miholic

Objectives New-onset diabetes frequently resolves after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) conceivably is involved as its release is enhanced by rapid gastric emptying and distal bowel exposure to nutrients. We aimed at studying factors associated with GLP-1 release after PD. Methods Fifteen PD subjects with distal gastrectomy (Whipple) and 15 with pylorus preservation were evaluated. A test meal containing 1 g paracetamol to measure gastric emptying was ingested. Blood for the measurement of paracetamol, glucose, insulin, and GLP-1 was drawn at baseline and 10, 20, 30, 60, 90, 120, 150, and 180 minutes thereafter. The Matsuda index of insulin sensitivity was calculated. Results In univariate analysis, gastric emptying correlated with GLP-1. Glucagon-like peptide-1 responses to the modes of operation did not differ. Multiple regression analysis confirmed gastric emptying and Whipple versus pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy as independent predictors of GLP-1 release. The Matsuda index of insulin sensitivity correlated with GLP-1 concentrations and inversely with body mass index. Patients after Whipple procedure revealed lower glycated hemoglobin as compared with pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy. Conclusions Following PD, the postprandial GLP-1 release seems to be enhanced by rapid gastric emptying and to improve insulin sensitivity. Partial gastrectomy versus pylorus preservation enhanced the release of GLP-1, conceivably because of greater distal bowel exposure to undigested nutrients.
Original languageEnglish
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)953-957
Publication statusPublished - 2019

    Research areas

  • diabetes mellitus, gastric emptying, glucagon-like peptide-1, pancreatic neoplasms, pancreaticoduodenectomy

ID: 225478965