Finding significantly connected voxels based on histograms of connection strengths

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Niklas Kasenburg, Morten Vester Pedersen, Sune Darkner

We explore a new approach for structural connectivity based segmentations of subcortical brain regions. Connectivity based segmentations are usually based on fibre connections from a seed region to predefined target regions. We present a method for finding significantly connected voxels based on the distribution of connection strengths. Paths from seed voxels to all voxels in a target region are obtained from a shortest-path tractography. For each seed voxel we approximate the distribution with a histogram of path scores. We hypothesise that the majority of estimated connections are false-positives and that their connection strength is distributed differently from true-positive connections. Therefore, an empirical null-distribution is defined for each target region as the average normalized histogram over all voxels in the seed region. Single histograms are then tested against the corresponding null-distribution and significance is determined using the false discovery rate (FDR). Segmentations are based on significantly connected voxels and their FDR. In this work we focus on the thalamus and the target regions were chosen by dividing the cortex into a prefrontal/temporal zone, motor zone, somatosensory zone and a parieto-occipital zone. The obtained segmentations consistently show a sparse number of significantly connected voxels that are located near the surface of the anterior thalamus over a population of 38 subjects. textcopyright (2016) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2016 : Image Processing
EditorsMartin A. Styner, Elsa D. Angelini
Number of pages7
PublisherSPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering
Publication date2016
Article number978431
ISBN (Print)9781510600195
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventSPIE Medical Imaging 2016 - San Diego, Cal., United States
Duration: 27 Feb 20163 Mar 2016

Conference

ConferenceSPIE Medical Imaging 2016
LandUnited States
BySan Diego, Cal.
Periode27/02/201603/03/2016
SeriesProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging
Number39
Volume17
ISSN1605-7422

ID: 160636654