Expression of insulin receptor spliced variants and their functional correlates in muscle from patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus

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Torben Hansen, C Bjørbaek, H Vestergaard, K Grønskov, J F Bak, O Pedersen

Due to alternative splicing of exon 11 of the receptor gene, the human insulin receptor exists in two forms, that have distinct tissue-specific expression and are functionally different. Needle biopsies obtained from vastus lateralis muscle from 20 patients with noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) and 20 normal control subjects were analyzed for the relative expression of insulin receptor mRNA variants in a novel assay using fluorescence-labeled primers and subsequent analysis on an automated DNA sequencer. In subgroups of patients and control subjects, insulin binding and tyrosine kinase activity were examined in wheat germ agglutinin-purified insulin receptors isolated from muscle biopsies. Moreover, insulin-stimulated glucose disposal was studied by means of the euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp technique. No difference in the relative expression of spliced variants of the insulin receptor mRNA was observed (control subjects, 71.4 +/- 1.3% insulin receptor mRNA with exon 11; NIDDM patients, 71.5 +/- 1.3% insulin receptor mRNA with exon 11). No significant interrelationships were demonstrated among the relative expression of insulin receptor mRNA variants, insulin binding, and tyrosine kinase activity toward the exogenous substrate poly(Glu-Tyr(4:1)). Furthermore, no significant relationship was demonstrated between the glucose disposal rate and the relative expression of insulin receptor splice variants. In conclusion, in skeletal muscle from both normal control subjects and NIDDM patients, the proportion of insulin receptor mRNA with exon 11 is about 70%. In addition, no significant correlations exist among insulin binding, insulin receptor tyrosine kinase activity, glucose disposal rate, and expression of alternative spliced insulin receptors in human skeletal muscle.
Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
Volume77
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)1500-5
Number of pages6
ISSN0021-972X
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1993

    Research areas

  • Adult, Aged, Alternative Splicing, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Muscles, Polymerase Chain Reaction, RNA, Messenger, Receptor, Insulin

ID: 92194060