Event dependent sampling of recurrent events

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Tine Kajsa Kvist, Per Kragh Andersen, Jules Angst, Lars Vedel Kessing

The effect of event-dependent sampling of processes consisting of recurrent events is investigated when analyzing whether the risk of recurrence increases with event count. We study the situation where processes are selected for study if an event occurs in a certain selection interval. Motivation comes from psychiatric epidemiology where repeated hospital admissions are studied for patients with affective disease, as seen in Kessing et al. (Acta Psychiatr Scand 109:339-344, 2004b). For the selected processes, either only disease course from selection and onwards is used in the analysis, or, both retrospective and prospective disease course histories are used. We examine two methods to correct for the selection depending on which data are used in the analysis. In the first case, the conditional distribution of the process given the pre-selection history is determined. In the second case, an inverse-probability-of-selection weighting scheme is suggested. The ability of the methods to correct for the bias due to selection is investigated with simulations. Furthermore, the methods are applied to affective disease data from a register-based study (Kessing et al. Br J Psychiatry 185:372-377, 2004a) and from a long-term clinical study (Kessing et al. Acta Psychiatr Scand 109:339-344, 2004b).
Original languageEnglish
JournalLifetime Data Analysis
Volume16
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)580-98
Number of pages19
ISSN1380-7870
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2010

ID: 40169887