Does workplace social capital protect against long-term sickness absence? Linking workplace aggregated social capital to sickness absence registry data

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Does workplace social capital protect against long-term sickness absence? Linking workplace aggregated social capital to sickness absence registry data. / Hansen, Anne Sophie K.; Madsen, Ida E.H.; Thorsen, Sannie Vester; Melkevik, Ole; Bjørner, Jakob Bue; Andersen, Ingelise; Rugulies, Reiner.

In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, Vol. 46, No. 3, 2018, p. 290-296.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Hansen, ASK, Madsen, IEH, Thorsen, SV, Melkevik, O, Bjørner, JB, Andersen, I & Rugulies, R 2018, 'Does workplace social capital protect against long-term sickness absence? Linking workplace aggregated social capital to sickness absence registry data', Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 290-296. https://doi.org/10.1177/1403494817721672

APA

Hansen, A. S. K., Madsen, I. E. H., Thorsen, S. V., Melkevik, O., Bjørner, J. B., Andersen, I., & Rugulies, R. (2018). Does workplace social capital protect against long-term sickness absence? Linking workplace aggregated social capital to sickness absence registry data. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 46(3), 290-296. https://doi.org/10.1177/1403494817721672

Vancouver

Hansen ASK, Madsen IEH, Thorsen SV, Melkevik O, Bjørner JB, Andersen I et al. Does workplace social capital protect against long-term sickness absence? Linking workplace aggregated social capital to sickness absence registry data. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. 2018;46(3):290-296. https://doi.org/10.1177/1403494817721672

Author

Hansen, Anne Sophie K. ; Madsen, Ida E.H. ; Thorsen, Sannie Vester ; Melkevik, Ole ; Bjørner, Jakob Bue ; Andersen, Ingelise ; Rugulies, Reiner. / Does workplace social capital protect against long-term sickness absence? Linking workplace aggregated social capital to sickness absence registry data. In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. 2018 ; Vol. 46, No. 3. pp. 290-296.

Bibtex

@article{9b6214204ec34747a07429ca15195913,
title = "Does workplace social capital protect against long-term sickness absence? Linking workplace aggregated social capital to sickness absence registry data",
abstract = "Aims: Most previous prospective studies have examined workplace social capital as a resource of the individual. However, literature suggests that social capital is a collective good. In the present study we examined whether a high level of workplace aggregated social capital (WASC) predicts a decreased risk of individual-level long-term sickness absence (LTSA) in Danish private sector employees. Methods: A sample of 2043 employees (aged 18–64 years, 38.5{\%} women) from 260 Danish private-sector companies filled in a questionnaire on workplace social capital and covariates. WASC was calculated by assigning the company-averaged social capital score to all employees of each company. We derived LTSA, defined as sickness absence of more than three weeks, from a national register. We examined if WASC predicted employee LTSA using multilevel survival analyses, while excluding participants with LTSA in the three months preceding baseline. Results: We found no statistically significant association in any of the analyses. The hazard ratio for LTSA in the fully adjusted model was 0.93 (95{\%} CI 0.77–1.13) per one standard deviation increase in WASC. When using WASC as a categorical exposure we found a statistically non-significant tendency towards a decreased risk of LTSA in employees with medium WASC (fully adjusted model: HR 0.78 (95{\%} CI 0.48–1.27)). Post hoc analyses with workplace social capital as a resource of the individual showed similar results. Conclusions: WASC did not predict LTSA in this sample of Danish private-sector employees.",
keywords = "epidemiology, justice, multilevel analysis, occupational health, private sector, psychosocial, sick leave, Social capital, trust, workplace",
author = "Hansen, {Anne Sophie K.} and Madsen, {Ida E.H.} and Thorsen, {Sannie Vester} and Ole Melkevik and Bj{\o}rner, {Jakob Bue} and Ingelise Andersen and Reiner Rugulies",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1177/1403494817721672",
language = "English",
volume = "46",
pages = "290--296",
journal = "Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. Supplement",
issn = "1403-4956",
publisher = "SAGE Publications",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Does workplace social capital protect against long-term sickness absence? Linking workplace aggregated social capital to sickness absence registry data

AU - Hansen, Anne Sophie K.

AU - Madsen, Ida E.H.

AU - Thorsen, Sannie Vester

AU - Melkevik, Ole

AU - Bjørner, Jakob Bue

AU - Andersen, Ingelise

AU - Rugulies, Reiner

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Aims: Most previous prospective studies have examined workplace social capital as a resource of the individual. However, literature suggests that social capital is a collective good. In the present study we examined whether a high level of workplace aggregated social capital (WASC) predicts a decreased risk of individual-level long-term sickness absence (LTSA) in Danish private sector employees. Methods: A sample of 2043 employees (aged 18–64 years, 38.5% women) from 260 Danish private-sector companies filled in a questionnaire on workplace social capital and covariates. WASC was calculated by assigning the company-averaged social capital score to all employees of each company. We derived LTSA, defined as sickness absence of more than three weeks, from a national register. We examined if WASC predicted employee LTSA using multilevel survival analyses, while excluding participants with LTSA in the three months preceding baseline. Results: We found no statistically significant association in any of the analyses. The hazard ratio for LTSA in the fully adjusted model was 0.93 (95% CI 0.77–1.13) per one standard deviation increase in WASC. When using WASC as a categorical exposure we found a statistically non-significant tendency towards a decreased risk of LTSA in employees with medium WASC (fully adjusted model: HR 0.78 (95% CI 0.48–1.27)). Post hoc analyses with workplace social capital as a resource of the individual showed similar results. Conclusions: WASC did not predict LTSA in this sample of Danish private-sector employees.

AB - Aims: Most previous prospective studies have examined workplace social capital as a resource of the individual. However, literature suggests that social capital is a collective good. In the present study we examined whether a high level of workplace aggregated social capital (WASC) predicts a decreased risk of individual-level long-term sickness absence (LTSA) in Danish private sector employees. Methods: A sample of 2043 employees (aged 18–64 years, 38.5% women) from 260 Danish private-sector companies filled in a questionnaire on workplace social capital and covariates. WASC was calculated by assigning the company-averaged social capital score to all employees of each company. We derived LTSA, defined as sickness absence of more than three weeks, from a national register. We examined if WASC predicted employee LTSA using multilevel survival analyses, while excluding participants with LTSA in the three months preceding baseline. Results: We found no statistically significant association in any of the analyses. The hazard ratio for LTSA in the fully adjusted model was 0.93 (95% CI 0.77–1.13) per one standard deviation increase in WASC. When using WASC as a categorical exposure we found a statistically non-significant tendency towards a decreased risk of LTSA in employees with medium WASC (fully adjusted model: HR 0.78 (95% CI 0.48–1.27)). Post hoc analyses with workplace social capital as a resource of the individual showed similar results. Conclusions: WASC did not predict LTSA in this sample of Danish private-sector employees.

KW - epidemiology

KW - justice

KW - multilevel analysis

KW - occupational health

KW - private sector

KW - psychosocial

KW - sick leave

KW - Social capital

KW - trust

KW - workplace

U2 - 10.1177/1403494817721672

DO - 10.1177/1403494817721672

M3 - Journal article

VL - 46

SP - 290

EP - 296

JO - Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. Supplement

JF - Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. Supplement

SN - 1403-4956

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 197961938