Distribution, size, shape, growth potential and extent of abdominal aortic calcified deposits predict mortality in postmenopausal women

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Distribution, size, shape, growth potential and extent of abdominal aortic calcified deposits predict mortality in postmenopausal women. / Nielsen, Mads; Ganz, Melanie; Lauze, Francois Bernard; Pettersen, Paola C.; de Bruijne, Marleen; Clarkson, Thomas B.; Dam, Erik B.; Christiansen, Claus; Karsdal, Morten A.

In: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, Vol. 10, 56, 2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Nielsen, M, Ganz, M, Lauze, FB, Pettersen, PC, de Bruijne, M, Clarkson, TB, Dam, EB, Christiansen, C & Karsdal, MA 2010, 'Distribution, size, shape, growth potential and extent of abdominal aortic calcified deposits predict mortality in postmenopausal women' BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, vol. 10, 56. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2261-10-56

APA

Nielsen, M., Ganz, M., Lauze, F. B., Pettersen, P. C., de Bruijne, M., Clarkson, T. B., ... Karsdal, M. A. (2010). Distribution, size, shape, growth potential and extent of abdominal aortic calcified deposits predict mortality in postmenopausal women. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, 10, [56]. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2261-10-56

Vancouver

Nielsen M, Ganz M, Lauze FB, Pettersen PC, de Bruijne M, Clarkson TB et al. Distribution, size, shape, growth potential and extent of abdominal aortic calcified deposits predict mortality in postmenopausal women. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders. 2010;10. 56. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2261-10-56

Author

Nielsen, Mads ; Ganz, Melanie ; Lauze, Francois Bernard ; Pettersen, Paola C. ; de Bruijne, Marleen ; Clarkson, Thomas B. ; Dam, Erik B. ; Christiansen, Claus ; Karsdal, Morten A. / Distribution, size, shape, growth potential and extent of abdominal aortic calcified deposits predict mortality in postmenopausal women. In: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders. 2010 ; Vol. 10.

Bibtex

@article{9546e640ff384cf6aa444219588cb57d,
title = "Distribution, size, shape, growth potential and extent of abdominal aortic calcified deposits predict mortality in postmenopausal women",
abstract = "BackgroundAortic calcification is a major risk factor for death from cardiovascular disease. We investigated the relationship between mortality and the composite markers of number, size, morphology and distribution of calcified plaques in the lumbar aorta.Methods308 postmenopausal women aged 48-76 were followed for 8.3 ± 0.3 years, with deaths related to cardiovascular disease, cancer, or other causes being recorded. From lumbar X-rays at baseline the number (NCD), size, morphology and distribution of aortic calcification lesions were scored and combined into one Morphological Atherosclerotic Calcification Distribution (MACD) index. The hazard ratio for mortality was calculated for the MACD and for three other commonly used predictors: the EU SCORE card, the Framingham Coronary Heart Disease Risk Score (Framingham score), and the gold standard Aortic Calcification Severity score (AC24) developed from the Framingham Heart Study cohorts.ResultsAll four scoring systems showed increasing age, smoking, and raised triglyceride levels were the main predictors of mortality after adjustment for all other metabolic and physical parameters. The SCORE card and the Framingham score resulted in a mortality hazard ratio increase per standard deviation (HR/SD) of 1.8 (1.51-2.13) and 2.6 (1.87-3.71), respectively. Of the morphological x-ray based measures, NCD revealed a HR/SD >2 adjusted for SCORE/Framingham. The MACD index scoring the distribution, size, morphology and number of lesions revealed the best predictive power for identification of patients at risk of mortality, with a hazard ratio of 15.6 (p < 0.001) for the 10{\%} at greatest risk of death.ConclusionsThis study shows that it is not just the extent of aortic calcification that predicts risk of mortality, but also the distribution, shape and size of calcified lesions. The MACD index may provide a more sensitive predictor of mortality from aortic calcification than the commonly used AC24 and SCORE/Framingham point card systems.",
author = "Mads Nielsen and Melanie Ganz and Lauze, {Francois Bernard} and Pettersen, {Paola C.} and {de Bruijne}, Marleen and Clarkson, {Thomas B.} and Dam, {Erik B.} and Claus Christiansen and Karsdal, {Morten A.}",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1186/1471-2261-10-56",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
journal = "B M C Cardiovascular Disorders",
issn = "1471-2261",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Distribution, size, shape, growth potential and extent of abdominal aortic calcified deposits predict mortality in postmenopausal women

AU - Nielsen, Mads

AU - Ganz, Melanie

AU - Lauze, Francois Bernard

AU - Pettersen, Paola C.

AU - de Bruijne, Marleen

AU - Clarkson, Thomas B.

AU - Dam, Erik B.

AU - Christiansen, Claus

AU - Karsdal, Morten A.

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - BackgroundAortic calcification is a major risk factor for death from cardiovascular disease. We investigated the relationship between mortality and the composite markers of number, size, morphology and distribution of calcified plaques in the lumbar aorta.Methods308 postmenopausal women aged 48-76 were followed for 8.3 ± 0.3 years, with deaths related to cardiovascular disease, cancer, or other causes being recorded. From lumbar X-rays at baseline the number (NCD), size, morphology and distribution of aortic calcification lesions were scored and combined into one Morphological Atherosclerotic Calcification Distribution (MACD) index. The hazard ratio for mortality was calculated for the MACD and for three other commonly used predictors: the EU SCORE card, the Framingham Coronary Heart Disease Risk Score (Framingham score), and the gold standard Aortic Calcification Severity score (AC24) developed from the Framingham Heart Study cohorts.ResultsAll four scoring systems showed increasing age, smoking, and raised triglyceride levels were the main predictors of mortality after adjustment for all other metabolic and physical parameters. The SCORE card and the Framingham score resulted in a mortality hazard ratio increase per standard deviation (HR/SD) of 1.8 (1.51-2.13) and 2.6 (1.87-3.71), respectively. Of the morphological x-ray based measures, NCD revealed a HR/SD >2 adjusted for SCORE/Framingham. The MACD index scoring the distribution, size, morphology and number of lesions revealed the best predictive power for identification of patients at risk of mortality, with a hazard ratio of 15.6 (p < 0.001) for the 10% at greatest risk of death.ConclusionsThis study shows that it is not just the extent of aortic calcification that predicts risk of mortality, but also the distribution, shape and size of calcified lesions. The MACD index may provide a more sensitive predictor of mortality from aortic calcification than the commonly used AC24 and SCORE/Framingham point card systems.

AB - BackgroundAortic calcification is a major risk factor for death from cardiovascular disease. We investigated the relationship between mortality and the composite markers of number, size, morphology and distribution of calcified plaques in the lumbar aorta.Methods308 postmenopausal women aged 48-76 were followed for 8.3 ± 0.3 years, with deaths related to cardiovascular disease, cancer, or other causes being recorded. From lumbar X-rays at baseline the number (NCD), size, morphology and distribution of aortic calcification lesions were scored and combined into one Morphological Atherosclerotic Calcification Distribution (MACD) index. The hazard ratio for mortality was calculated for the MACD and for three other commonly used predictors: the EU SCORE card, the Framingham Coronary Heart Disease Risk Score (Framingham score), and the gold standard Aortic Calcification Severity score (AC24) developed from the Framingham Heart Study cohorts.ResultsAll four scoring systems showed increasing age, smoking, and raised triglyceride levels were the main predictors of mortality after adjustment for all other metabolic and physical parameters. The SCORE card and the Framingham score resulted in a mortality hazard ratio increase per standard deviation (HR/SD) of 1.8 (1.51-2.13) and 2.6 (1.87-3.71), respectively. Of the morphological x-ray based measures, NCD revealed a HR/SD >2 adjusted for SCORE/Framingham. The MACD index scoring the distribution, size, morphology and number of lesions revealed the best predictive power for identification of patients at risk of mortality, with a hazard ratio of 15.6 (p < 0.001) for the 10% at greatest risk of death.ConclusionsThis study shows that it is not just the extent of aortic calcification that predicts risk of mortality, but also the distribution, shape and size of calcified lesions. The MACD index may provide a more sensitive predictor of mortality from aortic calcification than the commonly used AC24 and SCORE/Framingham point card systems.

U2 - 10.1186/1471-2261-10-56

DO - 10.1186/1471-2261-10-56

M3 - Journal article

VL - 10

JO - B M C Cardiovascular Disorders

JF - B M C Cardiovascular Disorders

SN - 1471-2261

M1 - 56

ER -

ID: 32243918