Different secondary structure elements as scaffolds for protein folding transition states of two homologous four-helix bundles
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Comparison of the folding processes for homologue proteins can provide valuable information about details in the interactions leading to the formation of the folding transition state. Here the folding kinetics of 18 variants of yACBP and 3 variants of bACBP have been studied by -value analysis. In combination with -values from previous work, detailed insight into the transition states for folding of both yACBP and bACBP has been obtained. Of the 16 sequence positions that have been studied in both yACBP and bACBP, 5 (V12, I/L27, Y73, V77, and L80) have high -values and appear to be important for the transition state formation in both homologues. Y31, A34, and A69 have high -values only in yACBP, while F5, A9, and I74 have high -values only in bACBP. Thus, additional interactions between helices A2 and A4 appear to be important for the transition state of yACBP, whereas additional interactions between helices A1 and A4 appear to be important for the transition state of bACBP. To examine whether these differences could be assigned to different packing of the residues in the native state, a solution structure of yACBP was determined by NMR. Small changes in the packing of the hydrophobic side-chains, which strengthen the interactions between helices A2 and A4, are observed in yACBP relative to bACBP. It is suggested that different structure elements serve as scaffolds for the folding of the 2 ACBP homologues. Proteins 2005. © 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
|Journal||Proteins - Structure Function and Bioinformatics|
|Publication status||Published - 2005|
protein folding • homologous proteins • ACBP • protein structure • NMR