Density-dependence and within-host competition in a semelparous parasite of leaf-cutting ants.

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Density-dependence and within-host competition in a semelparous parasite of leaf-cutting ants. / Hughes, William; Petersen, Klaus; Ugelvig, Line; Pedersen, Dorthe; Thomsen, Lene; Poulsen, Michael; Boomsma, Jacobus.

In: BMC Evolutionary Biology, Vol. 4, No. 1, 2004, p. 45.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Hughes, W, Petersen, K, Ugelvig, L, Pedersen, D, Thomsen, L, Poulsen, M & Boomsma, J 2004, 'Density-dependence and within-host competition in a semelparous parasite of leaf-cutting ants.', BMC Evolutionary Biology, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 45. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-4-45

APA

Hughes, W., Petersen, K., Ugelvig, L., Pedersen, D., Thomsen, L., Poulsen, M., & Boomsma, J. (2004). Density-dependence and within-host competition in a semelparous parasite of leaf-cutting ants. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 4(1), 45. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-4-45

Vancouver

Hughes W, Petersen K, Ugelvig L, Pedersen D, Thomsen L, Poulsen M et al. Density-dependence and within-host competition in a semelparous parasite of leaf-cutting ants. BMC Evolutionary Biology. 2004;4(1):45. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-4-45

Author

Hughes, William ; Petersen, Klaus ; Ugelvig, Line ; Pedersen, Dorthe ; Thomsen, Lene ; Poulsen, Michael ; Boomsma, Jacobus. / Density-dependence and within-host competition in a semelparous parasite of leaf-cutting ants. In: BMC Evolutionary Biology. 2004 ; Vol. 4, No. 1. pp. 45.

Bibtex

@article{c63fa710ec6311dcbee902004c4f4f50,
title = "Density-dependence and within-host competition in a semelparous parasite of leaf-cutting ants.",
abstract = "BACKGROUND:Parasite heterogeneity and within-host competition are thought to be important factors influencing the dynamics of host-parasite relationships. Yet, while there have been many theoretical investigations of how these factors may act, empirical data is more limited. We investigated the effects of parasite density and heterogeneity on parasite virulence and fitness using four strains of the entomopathogenic fungus, Metarhizium anisopliae var. anisopliae, and its leaf-cutting ant host Acromyrmex echinatior as the model system.RESULTS:The relationship between parasite density and infection was sigmoidal, with there being an invasion threshold for an infection to occur (an Allee effect). Although spore production was positively density-dependent, parasite fitness decreased with increasing parasite density, indicating within-host scramble competition. The dynamics differed little between the four strains tested. In mixed infections of three strains the infection-growth dynamics were unaffected by parasite heterogeneity.CONCLUSIONS:The strength of within-host competition makes dispersal the best strategy for the parasite. Parasite heterogeneity may not have effected virulence or the infection dynamics either because the most virulent strain outcompeted the others, or because the interaction involved scramble competition that was impervious to parasite heterogeneity. The dynamics observed may be common for virulent parasites, such as Metarhizium, that produce aggregated transmission stages. Such parasites make useful models for investigating infection dynamics and the impact of parasite competition.",
author = "William Hughes and Klaus Petersen and Line Ugelvig and Dorthe Pedersen and Lene Thomsen and Michael Poulsen and Jacobus Boomsma",
note = "Keywords: Animals; Ants; Ascomycota; Genetic Heterogeneity",
year = "2004",
doi = "10.1186/1471-2148-4-45",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
pages = "45",
journal = "B M C Evolutionary Biology",
issn = "1471-2148",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Density-dependence and within-host competition in a semelparous parasite of leaf-cutting ants.

AU - Hughes, William

AU - Petersen, Klaus

AU - Ugelvig, Line

AU - Pedersen, Dorthe

AU - Thomsen, Lene

AU - Poulsen, Michael

AU - Boomsma, Jacobus

N1 - Keywords: Animals; Ants; Ascomycota; Genetic Heterogeneity

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - BACKGROUND:Parasite heterogeneity and within-host competition are thought to be important factors influencing the dynamics of host-parasite relationships. Yet, while there have been many theoretical investigations of how these factors may act, empirical data is more limited. We investigated the effects of parasite density and heterogeneity on parasite virulence and fitness using four strains of the entomopathogenic fungus, Metarhizium anisopliae var. anisopliae, and its leaf-cutting ant host Acromyrmex echinatior as the model system.RESULTS:The relationship between parasite density and infection was sigmoidal, with there being an invasion threshold for an infection to occur (an Allee effect). Although spore production was positively density-dependent, parasite fitness decreased with increasing parasite density, indicating within-host scramble competition. The dynamics differed little between the four strains tested. In mixed infections of three strains the infection-growth dynamics were unaffected by parasite heterogeneity.CONCLUSIONS:The strength of within-host competition makes dispersal the best strategy for the parasite. Parasite heterogeneity may not have effected virulence or the infection dynamics either because the most virulent strain outcompeted the others, or because the interaction involved scramble competition that was impervious to parasite heterogeneity. The dynamics observed may be common for virulent parasites, such as Metarhizium, that produce aggregated transmission stages. Such parasites make useful models for investigating infection dynamics and the impact of parasite competition.

AB - BACKGROUND:Parasite heterogeneity and within-host competition are thought to be important factors influencing the dynamics of host-parasite relationships. Yet, while there have been many theoretical investigations of how these factors may act, empirical data is more limited. We investigated the effects of parasite density and heterogeneity on parasite virulence and fitness using four strains of the entomopathogenic fungus, Metarhizium anisopliae var. anisopliae, and its leaf-cutting ant host Acromyrmex echinatior as the model system.RESULTS:The relationship between parasite density and infection was sigmoidal, with there being an invasion threshold for an infection to occur (an Allee effect). Although spore production was positively density-dependent, parasite fitness decreased with increasing parasite density, indicating within-host scramble competition. The dynamics differed little between the four strains tested. In mixed infections of three strains the infection-growth dynamics were unaffected by parasite heterogeneity.CONCLUSIONS:The strength of within-host competition makes dispersal the best strategy for the parasite. Parasite heterogeneity may not have effected virulence or the infection dynamics either because the most virulent strain outcompeted the others, or because the interaction involved scramble competition that was impervious to parasite heterogeneity. The dynamics observed may be common for virulent parasites, such as Metarhizium, that produce aggregated transmission stages. Such parasites make useful models for investigating infection dynamics and the impact of parasite competition.

U2 - 10.1186/1471-2148-4-45

DO - 10.1186/1471-2148-4-45

M3 - Journal article

VL - 4

SP - 45

JO - B M C Evolutionary Biology

JF - B M C Evolutionary Biology

SN - 1471-2148

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 3047553