College as equalizer? Testing the selectivity hypothesis

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College as equalizer? Testing the selectivity hypothesis. / Karlson, Kristian Bernt.

In: Social Science Research, Vol. 80, 05.2019, p. 216-229.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Karlson, KB 2019, 'College as equalizer? Testing the selectivity hypothesis', Social Science Research, vol. 80, pp. 216-229. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssresearch.2018.12.001

APA

Karlson, K. B. (2019). College as equalizer? Testing the selectivity hypothesis. Social Science Research, 80, 216-229. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssresearch.2018.12.001

Vancouver

Karlson KB. College as equalizer? Testing the selectivity hypothesis. Social Science Research. 2019 May;80:216-229. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssresearch.2018.12.001

Author

Karlson, Kristian Bernt. / College as equalizer? Testing the selectivity hypothesis. In: Social Science Research. 2019 ; Vol. 80. pp. 216-229.

Bibtex

@article{a007c9abf2c4486e961714786ff6b854,
title = "College as equalizer?: Testing the selectivity hypothesis",
abstract = "Stratification research shows that occupational origins and destinations are weakly associated among individuals holding a college degree. The finding is taken to support the hypothesis that college equalizes opportunities and promotes social mobility. I test the competing hypothesis that the high level of social mobility reported for college degree holders results from the selectivity of this group. To control for selectivity, I reweigh a sample of college degree holders by the inverse probability of being a college degree holder conditional on observable characteristics of students before they enter college, including characteristics such as cognitive ability, personality traits, and beliefs about the future. Analyzing data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979, I find no support for the selectivity hypothesis. These findings align with evidence based on indirect tests of the hypothesis, and indicate that college indeed appears to be an equalizer.",
keywords = "Faculty of Social Sciences, Education, College, Social mobility, Selectivity",
author = "Karlson, {Kristian Bernt}",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1016/j.ssresearch.2018.12.001",
language = "English",
volume = "80",
pages = "216--229",
journal = "Social Science Research",
issn = "0049-089X",
publisher = "Academic Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - College as equalizer?

T2 - Testing the selectivity hypothesis

AU - Karlson, Kristian Bernt

PY - 2019/5

Y1 - 2019/5

N2 - Stratification research shows that occupational origins and destinations are weakly associated among individuals holding a college degree. The finding is taken to support the hypothesis that college equalizes opportunities and promotes social mobility. I test the competing hypothesis that the high level of social mobility reported for college degree holders results from the selectivity of this group. To control for selectivity, I reweigh a sample of college degree holders by the inverse probability of being a college degree holder conditional on observable characteristics of students before they enter college, including characteristics such as cognitive ability, personality traits, and beliefs about the future. Analyzing data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979, I find no support for the selectivity hypothesis. These findings align with evidence based on indirect tests of the hypothesis, and indicate that college indeed appears to be an equalizer.

AB - Stratification research shows that occupational origins and destinations are weakly associated among individuals holding a college degree. The finding is taken to support the hypothesis that college equalizes opportunities and promotes social mobility. I test the competing hypothesis that the high level of social mobility reported for college degree holders results from the selectivity of this group. To control for selectivity, I reweigh a sample of college degree holders by the inverse probability of being a college degree holder conditional on observable characteristics of students before they enter college, including characteristics such as cognitive ability, personality traits, and beliefs about the future. Analyzing data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979, I find no support for the selectivity hypothesis. These findings align with evidence based on indirect tests of the hypothesis, and indicate that college indeed appears to be an equalizer.

KW - Faculty of Social Sciences

KW - Education

KW - College

KW - Social mobility

KW - Selectivity

U2 - 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2018.12.001

DO - 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2018.12.001

M3 - Journal article

VL - 80

SP - 216

EP - 229

JO - Social Science Research

JF - Social Science Research

SN - 0049-089X

ER -

ID: 204153808