Bone resorption is decreased postprandially by intestinal factors and glucagon-like peptide-2 is a possible candidate

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Jens Juul Holst, Bolette Hartmann, Ida B Gottschalck, Palle B Jeppesen, Johannes Miholic, Dennis Bang Henriksen

OBJECTIVE: Food intake inhibits bone resorption by a mechanism thought to involve gut hormones, and the intestinotrophic glucagon-like peptide 2 (GLP-2) is a candidate because exogenous GLP-2 inhibits bone resorption in humans. The purpose of the study was to investigate patients with short-bowel syndrome (SBS) or total gastrectomy in order to elucidate whether the signal for the meal-induced reduction of bone resorption is initiated from the stomach or the intestine.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Bone resorption was assessed from the serum concentration of collagen type I C-telopeptide cross-links (s-CTX) and compared with the plasma concentrations of GLP-2. Bone formation was assessed from serum osteocalcin concentrations. Seven SBS patients with a preserved colon and 7 with SBS and colectomy and 7 healthy controls were given a breakfast test meal (936 kcal). Eight patients who had undergone total gastrectomy had an oral glucose load (75 g in 150 ml).

RESULTS: The SBS patients without a colon showed no reduction in bone resorption (s-CTX) to a meal, whereas SBS patients with a colon had an intermediate response with a 27% (p<0.05) reduction of s-CTX from baseline after 120 min as compared with 66% (p<0.001) for normal controls. A significant reduction of 53% (p<0.001) was seen in gastrectomized patients after receiving oral glucose, which is comparable with the published data for the oral glucose tolerance test (OGGT) in healthy subjects (50% reduction over 120 min). Bone formation was unchanged for both SBS and gastrectomy patients. GLP-2 concentrations increased significantly in all groups with the exception of the SBS plus colectomy group.

CONCLUSIONS: An intestinal factor is responsible for the postprandial reduction in bone resorption, and our findings are compatible with such a function for GLP-2.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume42
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)814-20
Number of pages7
ISSN0036-5521
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2007

    Research areas

  • Adult, Aged, Bone Resorption, Colectomy, Collagen Type I, Gastrectomy, Gastrointestinal Tract, Glucagon-Like Peptide 2, Humans, Middle Aged, Osteocalcin, Osteogenesis, Peptides, Postprandial Period, Short Bowel Syndrome

ID: 132050059