Biomarkers of seaweed intake

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Seaweeds are marine macroalgae, some of which are edible. They are rich in specific dietary fibers and also contain other characteristic biological constituents. Biological activities have been investigated mainly in animal studies,
while very few results are available from human studies. Biomarkers of food intake (BFIs) specific to seaweed could play an important role as objective measurements in observational studies and dietary intervention studies. Thus,
the health effects of seaweeds can be explored and understood by discovering and applying BFIs.

This review summarizes studies to identify candidate BFIs of seaweed intake. These BFIs are evaluated by a structured validation scheme.

Hydroxytrifuhalol A, 7-hydroxyeckol, C-O-C dimer of phloroglucinol, diphloroethol, fucophloroethol, dioxinodehydroeckol, and/or their glucuronides or sulfate esters which all belong to the phlorotannins are considered candidate biomarkers for brown seaweed. Fucoxanthinol, the main metabolite of fucoxanthin, is also regarded as a candidate biomarker for brown seaweed. Further validation will be needed due to the very limited number of human studies.

Further studies are also needed to identify additional candidate biomarkers, relevant specifically for the red and green seaweeds, for which no candidate biomarkers emerged from the literature search. Reliable BFIs should also
ideally be found for the whole seaweed food group.

Original languageEnglish
Article number24
JournalGenes & Nutrition
Volume14
Number of pages13
ISSN1555-8932
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

    Research areas

  • The Faculty of Science - Biomarkers of food intake, Food exposure marker, Dietary assessment, Seaweed, Macroalgae

ID: 225996946