Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) and single-anastomosis duodeno-ileal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy (SADI-S) result in distinct post-prandial hormone profiles

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Sofia S Pereira, Marta Guimarães, Rui Almeida, Ana M Pereira, Carolina B Lobato, Bolette Hartmann, Linda Hilsted, Jens J Holst, Mário Nora, Mariana P Monteiro

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) is the most effective bariatric intervention to treat morbid obesity and related disorders. Single-anastomosis duodeno-ileal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy (SADI-S) is a new bariatric procedure devised with the purpose of simplifying the complexity of the BPD-DS technique while maintaining its efficacy. However, whether BPD-DS and SADI-S result in similar fasting and post-prandial hormone profiles has not yet been studied. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess and compare the hormone response to a standardized mixed meal in subjects operated with BPD-DS or SADI-S.

SUBJECTS/METHODS: Subjects submitted to BPD-DS (n = 9) or SADI-S (n = 9) 1.5 years earlier on average, with no past nor current diabetes diagnosis underwent a liquid mixed-meal tolerance test (MMTT) to assess the baseline and post-prandial profile of glucose, enteropancreatic hormones and total bile acids.

RESULTS: Fasting glucose, enteropancreatic hormones and total bile acids levels after BPD-DS and SADI-S were similar. After the MMTT, the response of subjects who underwent SADI-S was characterized by higher glucose (t = 30 min: p < 0.05; iAUC: 156.1 ± 46.2 vs. 103.4 ± 35.8 mmol/L × min, p = 0.02), GLP-1 (t = 30 min: p < 0.05; iAUC: 5388 ± 3010 vs. 2959.0 ± 2146 pmol/L × min, p = 0.02), glucagon (t = 30 min: p < 0.05; iAUC: 678.7 ± 295.2 vs. 376.9 ± 215.7 pmol/L × min, p = 0.02), insulin (t = 30 and 45 min: p < 0.05); and C-peptide levels (t = 30 and 45 min: p < 0.05), when compared to BPD-DS.

CONCLUSIONS: The post-prandial hormone secretion profile after SADI-S is characterized by increased GLP-1, glucagon and insulin secretion, when compared to BPD-DS, which suggests the existence of different endocrine driven mechanisms leading to weight loss and metabolic improvement after the two procedures.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Obesity
ISSN0307-0565
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2019

ID: 222318492