Assessment of structural, textural, and gelation properties of myofibrillar protein of silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) modified by stunning and oxidative stress

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Longteng Zhang, Ping Gui, Yuqi Zhang, Jun Lin, Qian Li, Hui Hong, Yongkang Luo

This study aimed to investigate the effect of stunning and oxidative stress on gelation properties and water distribution of myofibrillar protein (MP) of silver carp fillets. Different stunning methods (percussion, ice/water, and gill cut) were conducted prior to in vitro MP oxidation by hydroxyl radicals generated from Fenton reaction (10 μM FeCl3, 0.1 mM ascorbic acid, and 0, 0.1, 0.5, 1, 5, and 10 mM H2O2) to simulate oxidative environments during surimi processing. The results indicated that gill cut-stunned fillets had greater susceptibility to MP unfolding and oxidation in terms of elevated disulfide bonds, carbonyls, and surface hydrophobicity. Regardless of stunning stress, mild oxidative modifications (0.1–1 mM H2O2) facilitated the enhancement of gel-forming ability, while strong oxidative environments (5–10 mM H2O2) exhibited weakened gel strength with reduced textural properties. In addition, gill cut-stunned fillets showed higher free water content (16.73%) and attenuated gel strength (278.12 g mm), reflecting fragile gel network and poor water-holding capacity in oxidized MP gels. In conclusion, gill cut stunning were not recommended in aquatic processing in terms of inferior water retention and decreased deformation and springiness of gels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-149
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2019

    Research areas

  • Ascorbic acid (PubChem CID: 54670067), Ferric chloride (PubChem CID: 24380), Gelation properties, Hydrogen peroxide (PubChem CID: 784), Myofibrillar protein, Oxidative stress, Silver carp, Stunning stress

ID: 211987412