Angiotensin-converting enzyme activity and cognitive impairment during hypoglycaemia in healthy humans

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Ulrik Pedersen-Bjergaard, Carsten E Thomsen, Hans Høgenhaven, Annelise Smed, Troels W Kjaer, Jens J Holst, Flemming Dela, Linda Hilsted, Erik Frandsen, Stig Pramming, Birger Thorsteinsson

INTRODUCTION: In type 1 diabetes increased risk of severe hypoglycaemia is associated with high angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity. We tested in healthy humans the hypothesis that this association is explained by the reduced ability of subjects with high ACE activity to maintain normal cognitive function during hypoglycaemia. METHODS: Sixteen healthy volunteers selected by either particularly high or low serum ACE activity were subjected to hypoglycaemia (plasma glucose 2.7 mmol/L). Cognitive function was assessed by choice reaction tests. RESULTS: Despite a similar hypoglycaemic stimulus in the two groups, only the group with high ACE activity showed significant deterioration in cognitive performance during hypoglycaemia. In the high ACE group mean reaction time (MRT) in the most complex choice reaction task was prolonged and error rate (ER) was increased in contrast to the low ACE group. The total hypoglycaemic symptom response was greater in the high ACE group than in the low ACE group (p=0.031). There were no differences in responses of counterregulatory hormones or in concentrations of substrates between the groups. CONCLUSION: Healthy humans with high ACE activity are more susceptible to cognitive dysfunction and report higher symptom scores during mild hypoglycaemia than subjects with low ACE activity.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System
Volume9
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)37-48
Number of pages11
ISSN1470-3203
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Bibliographical note

Keywords: Adult; Cognition; Cognition Disorders; Cohort Studies; Electroencephalography; Evoked Potentials, Auditory; Fatty Acids, Nonesterified; Female; Humans; Hypoglycemia; Male; Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A; Renin-Angiotensin System

ID: 12771874