An adult-based insulin resistance genetic risk score associates with insulin resistance, metabolic traits and altered fat distribution in Danish children and adolescents who are overweight or obese

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An adult-based insulin resistance genetic risk score associates with insulin resistance, metabolic traits and altered fat distribution in Danish children and adolescents who are overweight or obese. / Graae, Anne Sofie; Hollensted, Mette; Kloppenborg, Julie T.; Mahendran, Yuvaraj; Schnurr, Theresia M.; Appel, Emil Vincent R.; Rask, Johanne; Nielsen, Tenna R.H.; Johansen, Mia; Linneberg, Allan; Jørgensen, Marit E.; Grarup, Niels; Kadarmideen, Haja N.; Holst, Birgitte; Pedersen, Oluf; Holm, Jens-Christian; Hansen, Torben.

In: Diabetologia, Vol. 61, No. 8, 08.2018, p. 1769-1779.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Graae, AS, Hollensted, M, Kloppenborg, JT, Mahendran, Y, Schnurr, TM, Appel, EVR, Rask, J, Nielsen, TRH, Johansen, M, Linneberg, A, Jørgensen, ME, Grarup, N, Kadarmideen, HN, Holst, B, Pedersen, O, Holm, J-C & Hansen, T 2018, 'An adult-based insulin resistance genetic risk score associates with insulin resistance, metabolic traits and altered fat distribution in Danish children and adolescents who are overweight or obese', Diabetologia, vol. 61, no. 8, pp. 1769-1779. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-018-4640-0

APA

Graae, A. S., Hollensted, M., Kloppenborg, J. T., Mahendran, Y., Schnurr, T. M., Appel, E. V. R., ... Hansen, T. (2018). An adult-based insulin resistance genetic risk score associates with insulin resistance, metabolic traits and altered fat distribution in Danish children and adolescents who are overweight or obese. Diabetologia, 61(8), 1769-1779. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-018-4640-0

Vancouver

Graae AS, Hollensted M, Kloppenborg JT, Mahendran Y, Schnurr TM, Appel EVR et al. An adult-based insulin resistance genetic risk score associates with insulin resistance, metabolic traits and altered fat distribution in Danish children and adolescents who are overweight or obese. Diabetologia. 2018 Aug;61(8):1769-1779. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-018-4640-0

Author

Graae, Anne Sofie ; Hollensted, Mette ; Kloppenborg, Julie T. ; Mahendran, Yuvaraj ; Schnurr, Theresia M. ; Appel, Emil Vincent R. ; Rask, Johanne ; Nielsen, Tenna R.H. ; Johansen, Mia ; Linneberg, Allan ; Jørgensen, Marit E. ; Grarup, Niels ; Kadarmideen, Haja N. ; Holst, Birgitte ; Pedersen, Oluf ; Holm, Jens-Christian ; Hansen, Torben. / An adult-based insulin resistance genetic risk score associates with insulin resistance, metabolic traits and altered fat distribution in Danish children and adolescents who are overweight or obese. In: Diabetologia. 2018 ; Vol. 61, No. 8. pp. 1769-1779.

Bibtex

@article{e8f3bfb6ebf74734b8ad7afe93d8e23a,
title = "An adult-based insulin resistance genetic risk score associates with insulin resistance, metabolic traits and altered fat distribution in Danish children and adolescents who are overweight or obese",
abstract = "Aims/hypothesis: A genetic risk score (GRS) consisting of 53 insulin resistance variants (GRS53) was recently demonstrated to associate with insulin resistance in adults. We speculated that the GRS53 might already associate with insulin resistance during childhood, and we therefore aimed to investigate this in populations of Danish children and adolescents. Furthermore, we aimed to address whether the GRS associates with components of the metabolic syndrome and altered body composition in children and adolescents. Methods: We examined a total of 689 children and adolescents who were overweight or obese and 675 children and adolescents from a population-based study. Anthropometric data, dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scans, BP, fasting plasma glucose, fasting serum insulin and fasting plasma lipid measurements were obtained, and HOMA-IR was calculated. The GRS53 was examined for association with metabolic traits in children by linear regressions using an additive genetic model. Results: In overweight/obese children and adolescents, the GRS53 associated with higher HOMA-IR (β = 0.109 ± 0.050 (SE); p = 2.73 × 10−2), fasting plasma glucose (β = 0.010 ± 0.005 mmol/l; p = 2.51 × 10−2) and systolic BP SD score (β = 0.026 ± 0.012; p = 3.32 × 10−2) as well as lower HDL-cholesterol (β = −0.008 ± 0.003 mmol/l; p = 1.23 × 10−3), total fat-mass percentage (β = −0.143 ± 0.054{\%}; p = 9.15 × 10−3) and fat-mass percentage in the legs (β = −0.197 ± 0.055{\%}; p = 4.09 × 10−4). In the population-based sample of children, the GRS53 only associated with lower HDL-cholesterol concentrations (β = −0.007 ± 0.003 mmol/l; p = 1.79 × 10−2). Conclusions/interpretation: An adult-based GRS comprising 53 insulin resistance susceptibility SNPs associates with insulin resistance, markers of the metabolic syndrome and altered fat distribution in a sample of Danish children and adolescents who were overweight or obese.",
keywords = "Epidemiology, Genetic association, Genetic risk score, Genetics, Insulin resistance, Insulin sensitivity, Obesity, Paediatric obesity, Weight regulation",
author = "Graae, {Anne Sofie} and Mette Hollensted and Kloppenborg, {Julie T.} and Yuvaraj Mahendran and Schnurr, {Theresia M.} and Appel, {Emil Vincent R.} and Johanne Rask and Nielsen, {Tenna R.H.} and Mia Johansen and Allan Linneberg and J{\o}rgensen, {Marit E.} and Niels Grarup and Kadarmideen, {Haja N.} and Birgitte Holst and Oluf Pedersen and Jens-Christian Holm and Torben Hansen",
year = "2018",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1007/s00125-018-4640-0",
language = "English",
volume = "61",
pages = "1769--1779",
journal = "Diabetologia",
issn = "0012-186X",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - An adult-based insulin resistance genetic risk score associates with insulin resistance, metabolic traits and altered fat distribution in Danish children and adolescents who are overweight or obese

AU - Graae, Anne Sofie

AU - Hollensted, Mette

AU - Kloppenborg, Julie T.

AU - Mahendran, Yuvaraj

AU - Schnurr, Theresia M.

AU - Appel, Emil Vincent R.

AU - Rask, Johanne

AU - Nielsen, Tenna R.H.

AU - Johansen, Mia

AU - Linneberg, Allan

AU - Jørgensen, Marit E.

AU - Grarup, Niels

AU - Kadarmideen, Haja N.

AU - Holst, Birgitte

AU - Pedersen, Oluf

AU - Holm, Jens-Christian

AU - Hansen, Torben

PY - 2018/8

Y1 - 2018/8

N2 - Aims/hypothesis: A genetic risk score (GRS) consisting of 53 insulin resistance variants (GRS53) was recently demonstrated to associate with insulin resistance in adults. We speculated that the GRS53 might already associate with insulin resistance during childhood, and we therefore aimed to investigate this in populations of Danish children and adolescents. Furthermore, we aimed to address whether the GRS associates with components of the metabolic syndrome and altered body composition in children and adolescents. Methods: We examined a total of 689 children and adolescents who were overweight or obese and 675 children and adolescents from a population-based study. Anthropometric data, dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scans, BP, fasting plasma glucose, fasting serum insulin and fasting plasma lipid measurements were obtained, and HOMA-IR was calculated. The GRS53 was examined for association with metabolic traits in children by linear regressions using an additive genetic model. Results: In overweight/obese children and adolescents, the GRS53 associated with higher HOMA-IR (β = 0.109 ± 0.050 (SE); p = 2.73 × 10−2), fasting plasma glucose (β = 0.010 ± 0.005 mmol/l; p = 2.51 × 10−2) and systolic BP SD score (β = 0.026 ± 0.012; p = 3.32 × 10−2) as well as lower HDL-cholesterol (β = −0.008 ± 0.003 mmol/l; p = 1.23 × 10−3), total fat-mass percentage (β = −0.143 ± 0.054%; p = 9.15 × 10−3) and fat-mass percentage in the legs (β = −0.197 ± 0.055%; p = 4.09 × 10−4). In the population-based sample of children, the GRS53 only associated with lower HDL-cholesterol concentrations (β = −0.007 ± 0.003 mmol/l; p = 1.79 × 10−2). Conclusions/interpretation: An adult-based GRS comprising 53 insulin resistance susceptibility SNPs associates with insulin resistance, markers of the metabolic syndrome and altered fat distribution in a sample of Danish children and adolescents who were overweight or obese.

AB - Aims/hypothesis: A genetic risk score (GRS) consisting of 53 insulin resistance variants (GRS53) was recently demonstrated to associate with insulin resistance in adults. We speculated that the GRS53 might already associate with insulin resistance during childhood, and we therefore aimed to investigate this in populations of Danish children and adolescents. Furthermore, we aimed to address whether the GRS associates with components of the metabolic syndrome and altered body composition in children and adolescents. Methods: We examined a total of 689 children and adolescents who were overweight or obese and 675 children and adolescents from a population-based study. Anthropometric data, dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scans, BP, fasting plasma glucose, fasting serum insulin and fasting plasma lipid measurements were obtained, and HOMA-IR was calculated. The GRS53 was examined for association with metabolic traits in children by linear regressions using an additive genetic model. Results: In overweight/obese children and adolescents, the GRS53 associated with higher HOMA-IR (β = 0.109 ± 0.050 (SE); p = 2.73 × 10−2), fasting plasma glucose (β = 0.010 ± 0.005 mmol/l; p = 2.51 × 10−2) and systolic BP SD score (β = 0.026 ± 0.012; p = 3.32 × 10−2) as well as lower HDL-cholesterol (β = −0.008 ± 0.003 mmol/l; p = 1.23 × 10−3), total fat-mass percentage (β = −0.143 ± 0.054%; p = 9.15 × 10−3) and fat-mass percentage in the legs (β = −0.197 ± 0.055%; p = 4.09 × 10−4). In the population-based sample of children, the GRS53 only associated with lower HDL-cholesterol concentrations (β = −0.007 ± 0.003 mmol/l; p = 1.79 × 10−2). Conclusions/interpretation: An adult-based GRS comprising 53 insulin resistance susceptibility SNPs associates with insulin resistance, markers of the metabolic syndrome and altered fat distribution in a sample of Danish children and adolescents who were overweight or obese.

KW - Epidemiology

KW - Genetic association

KW - Genetic risk score

KW - Genetics

KW - Insulin resistance

KW - Insulin sensitivity

KW - Obesity

KW - Paediatric obesity

KW - Weight regulation

U2 - 10.1007/s00125-018-4640-0

DO - 10.1007/s00125-018-4640-0

M3 - Journal article

VL - 61

SP - 1769

EP - 1779

JO - Diabetologia

JF - Diabetologia

SN - 0012-186X

IS - 8

ER -

ID: 200384661