Agonists and inverse agonists for the herpesvirus 8-encoded constitutively active seven-transmembrane oncogene product, ORF-74
Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article › Research › peer-review
A number of CXC chemokines competed with similar, nanomolar affinity against 125I-interleukin-8 (IL-8) binding to ORF-74, a constitutively active seven-transmembrane receptor encoded by human herpesvirus 8. However, in competition against 125I-labeled growth-related oncogene (GRO)-alpha, the ORF-74 receptor was highly selective for GRO peptides, with IL-8 being 10,000-fold less potent. The constitutive stimulating activity of ORF-74 on phosphatidylinositol turnover was not influenced by, for example, IL-8 binding. In contrast, GRO peptides acted as potent agonists in stimulating ORF-74 signaling, whereas IP-10 and stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha surprisingly acted as inverse agonists. These peptides had similar pharmacological properties with regard to enhancing or inhibiting, respectively, the stimulatory effect of ORF-74 on NIH-3T3 cell proliferation. Construction of a high affinity zinc switch through introduction of two His residues at the extracellular end of transmembrane segment V enabled Zn2+ to act as a prototype non-peptide inverse agonist, which eliminated the constitutive signaling. It is concluded that ORF-74, which is believed to be causally involved in the formation of highly vascularized tumors, has been optimized for agonist and inverse agonist modulation by the endogenous angiogenic GRO peptides and angiostatic IP-10 and stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha, respectively. ORF-74 could serve as a target for the development of non-peptide inverse agonist drugs as demonstrated by the effect of Zn2+ on the metal ion site-engineered receptor.
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 8 Jan 1999|
- 3T3 Cells, Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, COS Cells, Chemokines, Herpesvirus 8, Human, Membrane Proteins, Mice, Molecular Sequence Data, Open Reading Frames, Receptors, Chemokine, Sequence Homology, Amino Acid, Signal Transduction, Viral Proteins, Zinc