Acute physiological and electrical accentuation of vagal tone has no effect on pain or gastrointestinal motility in chronic pancreatitis

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Acute physiological and electrical accentuation of vagal tone has no effect on pain or gastrointestinal motility in chronic pancreatitis. / Juel, Jacob; Brock, Christina; Olesen, Søren S.; Madzak, Adnan; Farmer, Adam D.; Aziz, Qasim; Frøkjær, Jens B.; Drewes, Asbjørn Mohr.

In: Journal of Pain Research, Vol. 10, 2017, p. 1347-1355.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Juel, J, Brock, C, Olesen, SS, Madzak, A, Farmer, AD, Aziz, Q, Frøkjær, JB & Drewes, AM 2017, 'Acute physiological and electrical accentuation of vagal tone has no effect on pain or gastrointestinal motility in chronic pancreatitis' Journal of Pain Research, vol. 10, pp. 1347-1355. https://doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S133438

APA

Juel, J., Brock, C., Olesen, S. S., Madzak, A., Farmer, A. D., Aziz, Q., ... Drewes, A. M. (2017). Acute physiological and electrical accentuation of vagal tone has no effect on pain or gastrointestinal motility in chronic pancreatitis. Journal of Pain Research, 10, 1347-1355. https://doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S133438

Vancouver

Juel J, Brock C, Olesen SS, Madzak A, Farmer AD, Aziz Q et al. Acute physiological and electrical accentuation of vagal tone has no effect on pain or gastrointestinal motility in chronic pancreatitis. Journal of Pain Research. 2017;10:1347-1355. https://doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S133438

Author

Juel, Jacob ; Brock, Christina ; Olesen, Søren S. ; Madzak, Adnan ; Farmer, Adam D. ; Aziz, Qasim ; Frøkjær, Jens B. ; Drewes, Asbjørn Mohr. / Acute physiological and electrical accentuation of vagal tone has no effect on pain or gastrointestinal motility in chronic pancreatitis. In: Journal of Pain Research. 2017 ; Vol. 10. pp. 1347-1355.

Bibtex

@article{8736a2fdb2264b3db70a41ad9baaecd1,
title = "Acute physiological and electrical accentuation of vagal tone has no effect on pain or gastrointestinal motility in chronic pancreatitis",
abstract = "Background: The effective management of pain in chronic pancreatitis (CP) remains a therapeutic challenge. Analgesic drugs, such as opioids, and the underlying pathology can impair gut function. The autonomic nervous system influences hormone secretion and gut motility. In healthy volunteers, electrical (using noninvasive transcutaneous vagal nerve stimulation [t-VNS]) and physiological (using deep slow breathing [DSB]) modulation of parasympathetic tone results in pain attenuation and enhanced gut motility. Thus, the aims were to investigate whether t-VNS and DSB could enhance the parasympathetic tone, decrease pain sensitivity and improve gut motility in CP. Patients and methods: A total of 20 patients (12 males, mean age=61 years, range: 50-78 years) with CP were randomized to short-term (60 minutes) t-VNS and DSB, or their placebo equivalent, in a crossover design. Cardiometrically derived parameters of autonomic tone, quantitative sensory testing of bone and muscle pain pressure, conditioned pain modulation (CPM) and assessments of gastroduodenal motility with ultrasound were performed. Results: In comparison to sham, t-VNS and DSB increased cardiac vagal tone (CVT) (P<0.001). However, no changes in pain pressure thresholds for bone (P=0.95) or muscle (P=0.45) were seen. There was diminished CPM (P=0.04), and no changes in gastroduodenal motility were observed (P=0.3). Conclusion: This explorative study demonstrated that t-VNS and DSB increased CVT in patients with CP. However, this short-lasting increase did not affect pain sensitivity to musculoskeletal pain or gastroduodenal motility. The chronic pain in CP patients is complex, and future trials optimizing neuromodulation for pain relief and improved motility are needed.",
keywords = "Autonomic nervous system, Chronic pancreatitis, Gut, Motility, Pain, Vagus nerve",
author = "Jacob Juel and Christina Brock and Olesen, {S{\o}ren S.} and Adnan Madzak and Farmer, {Adam D.} and Qasim Aziz and Fr{\o}kj{\ae}r, {Jens B.} and Drewes, {Asbj{\o}rn Mohr}",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.2147/JPR.S133438",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "1347--1355",
journal = "Journal of Pain Research",
issn = "1178-7090",
publisher = "Dove Medical Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Acute physiological and electrical accentuation of vagal tone has no effect on pain or gastrointestinal motility in chronic pancreatitis

AU - Juel, Jacob

AU - Brock, Christina

AU - Olesen, Søren S.

AU - Madzak, Adnan

AU - Farmer, Adam D.

AU - Aziz, Qasim

AU - Frøkjær, Jens B.

AU - Drewes, Asbjørn Mohr

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Background: The effective management of pain in chronic pancreatitis (CP) remains a therapeutic challenge. Analgesic drugs, such as opioids, and the underlying pathology can impair gut function. The autonomic nervous system influences hormone secretion and gut motility. In healthy volunteers, electrical (using noninvasive transcutaneous vagal nerve stimulation [t-VNS]) and physiological (using deep slow breathing [DSB]) modulation of parasympathetic tone results in pain attenuation and enhanced gut motility. Thus, the aims were to investigate whether t-VNS and DSB could enhance the parasympathetic tone, decrease pain sensitivity and improve gut motility in CP. Patients and methods: A total of 20 patients (12 males, mean age=61 years, range: 50-78 years) with CP were randomized to short-term (60 minutes) t-VNS and DSB, or their placebo equivalent, in a crossover design. Cardiometrically derived parameters of autonomic tone, quantitative sensory testing of bone and muscle pain pressure, conditioned pain modulation (CPM) and assessments of gastroduodenal motility with ultrasound were performed. Results: In comparison to sham, t-VNS and DSB increased cardiac vagal tone (CVT) (P<0.001). However, no changes in pain pressure thresholds for bone (P=0.95) or muscle (P=0.45) were seen. There was diminished CPM (P=0.04), and no changes in gastroduodenal motility were observed (P=0.3). Conclusion: This explorative study demonstrated that t-VNS and DSB increased CVT in patients with CP. However, this short-lasting increase did not affect pain sensitivity to musculoskeletal pain or gastroduodenal motility. The chronic pain in CP patients is complex, and future trials optimizing neuromodulation for pain relief and improved motility are needed.

AB - Background: The effective management of pain in chronic pancreatitis (CP) remains a therapeutic challenge. Analgesic drugs, such as opioids, and the underlying pathology can impair gut function. The autonomic nervous system influences hormone secretion and gut motility. In healthy volunteers, electrical (using noninvasive transcutaneous vagal nerve stimulation [t-VNS]) and physiological (using deep slow breathing [DSB]) modulation of parasympathetic tone results in pain attenuation and enhanced gut motility. Thus, the aims were to investigate whether t-VNS and DSB could enhance the parasympathetic tone, decrease pain sensitivity and improve gut motility in CP. Patients and methods: A total of 20 patients (12 males, mean age=61 years, range: 50-78 years) with CP were randomized to short-term (60 minutes) t-VNS and DSB, or their placebo equivalent, in a crossover design. Cardiometrically derived parameters of autonomic tone, quantitative sensory testing of bone and muscle pain pressure, conditioned pain modulation (CPM) and assessments of gastroduodenal motility with ultrasound were performed. Results: In comparison to sham, t-VNS and DSB increased cardiac vagal tone (CVT) (P<0.001). However, no changes in pain pressure thresholds for bone (P=0.95) or muscle (P=0.45) were seen. There was diminished CPM (P=0.04), and no changes in gastroduodenal motility were observed (P=0.3). Conclusion: This explorative study demonstrated that t-VNS and DSB increased CVT in patients with CP. However, this short-lasting increase did not affect pain sensitivity to musculoskeletal pain or gastroduodenal motility. The chronic pain in CP patients is complex, and future trials optimizing neuromodulation for pain relief and improved motility are needed.

KW - Autonomic nervous system

KW - Chronic pancreatitis

KW - Gut

KW - Motility

KW - Pain

KW - Vagus nerve

U2 - 10.2147/JPR.S133438

DO - 10.2147/JPR.S133438

M3 - Journal article

VL - 10

SP - 1347

EP - 1355

JO - Journal of Pain Research

JF - Journal of Pain Research

SN - 1178-7090

ER -

ID: 196914319