Acute hydroxyurea-induced replication blockade results in replisome components disengagement from nascent DNA without causing fork collapse

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Amaia Ercilla, Sonia Feu, Sergi Aranda, Alba Llopis, Sólveig Hlín Brynjólfsdóttir, Claus Storgaard Sørensen, Luis Ignacio Toledo, Neus Agell

During S phase, replication forks can encounter several obstacles that lead to fork stalling, which if persistent might result in fork collapse. To avoid this collapse and to preserve the competence to restart, cells have developed mechanisms that maintain fork stability upon replication stress. In this study, we aimed to understand the mechanisms involved in fork stability maintenance in non-transformed human cells by performing an isolation of proteins on nascent DNA-mass spectrometry analysis in hTERT-RPE cells under different replication stress conditions. Our results show that acute hydroxyurea-induced replication blockade causes the accumulation of large amounts of single-stranded DNA at the fork. Remarkably, this results in the disengagement of replisome components from nascent DNA without compromising fork restart. Notably, Cdc45-MCM-GINS helicase maintains its integrity and replisome components remain associated with chromatin upon acute hydroxyurea treatment, whereas replisome stability is lost upon a sustained replication stress that compromises the competence to restart.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCellular and molecular life sciences : CMLS
ISSN1420-682X
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 11 Jul 2019

ID: 225384632