Acute exercise and motor memory consolidation: Does exercise type play a role?

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Richard Thomas, Mads Flindtgaard, Kasper Christen Skriver, Svend Sparre Geertsen, Lasse Christiansen, Line Korsgaard Johnsen, Dina V Plesner Busk, Emil Bojsen-Møller, Mads Alexander Just Madsen, Christian Ritz, Marc Roig, Jesper Lundbye-Jensen

A single bout of high-intensity exercise can augment off-line gains in skills acquired during motor practice. It is currently unknown if the type of physical exercise influences the effect on motor skill consolidation. This study investigated the effect of three types of high-intensity exercise following visuomotor skill acquisition on the retention of motor memory in 40 young (25.3 ±3.6 years), able-bodied male participants randomly assigned to one of four groups either performing strength training (STR), circuit training (CT), indoor hockey (HOC) or rest (CON). Retention tests of the motor skill were performed 1 (R1h) and 24 h (R1d) post acquisition. For all exercise groups, mean motor performance scores decreased at R1h compared to post acquisition (POST) level; STR (P = 0.018), CT (P = 0.02), HOC (P = 0.014) and performance scores decreased for CT compared to CON (P = 0.049). Mean performance scores increased from POST to R1d for all exercise groups; STR (P = 0.010), CT (P = 0.020), HOC (P = 0.007) while performance scores for CON decreased (P = 0.043). Changes in motor performance were thus greater for STR (P = 0.006), CT (P < 0.001) and HOC (P < 0.001) compared to CON from POST to R1d. The results demonstrate that high-intensity, acute exercise can lead to a decrease in motor performance assessed shortly after motor skill practice (R1h), but enhances offline effects promoting long-term retention (R1d). Given that different exercise modalities produced similar positive off-line effects on motor memory, we conclude that exercise-induced effects beneficial to consolidation appear to depend primarily on the physiological stimulus rather than type of exercise and movements employed.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Volume27
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)1523-1532
Number of pages10
ISSN0905-7188
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

ID: 168326128