A widespread amino acid polymorphism at codon 905 of the glycogen-associated regulatory subunit of protein phosphatase-1 is associated with insulin resistance and hypersecretion of insulin

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Lars Hansen, Torben Hansen, Henrik Vestergaard, Christian Bjørbæk, Søren M. Echwald, Jesper O. Clausen, Yu Hua Chen, Mao Xiang Chen, Patricia T. W. Cohen, Oluf Pedersen

The regulatory G-subunit of the glycogen-associated form of protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) plays a crucial part in muscle tissue glycogen synthesis and breakdown. As impaired insulin stimulated glycogen synthesis in peripheral tissues is considered to be a pathogenic factor in subsets of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) and obesity, the G-subunit of PP1 should be viewed as a candidate gene for inherited insulin resistance. When applying heteroduplex formation analysis and nucleotide sequencing of PP1G-subunit cDNA from 30 insulin resistant white NIDDM patients two cases were identified as heterozygous carriers of an Asp905 --> Tyr substitution. The carrier prevalence of the PP1G-subunit variant was 18% in 150 healthy subjects and 13% in 313 NIDDM subjects (chi 2 = 1.94, p = 0.16). Twenty-seven healthy subjects volunteered for a 4 h euglycaemic, hyperinsulinaemic clamp in combination with indirect calorimetry in order to elucidate the potential impact of the Tyr905 substitution on the whole body glucose metabolism. Interestingly, the Tyr905 variant was associated with altered routing of glucose: a decreased insulin stimulated non-oxidative glucose metabolism of peripheral tissues (glycogen synthesis) (p < 0.04) and an increased basal glucose oxidation rate (p < 0.04) when compared with wild type carriers. A population-based sample of 380 unrelated young healthy Caucasians was examined during a combined intravenous glucose and tolbutamide test to address whether the Asp905/Tyr905 polymorphism was associated with alterations in insulin secretion which might be secondary to the insulin resistance of skeletal muscle.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish
JournalHuman Molecular Genetics
Volume4
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)1313-20
Number of pages8
ISSN0964-6906
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

    Research areas

  • Base Sequence, Case-Control Studies, DNA, DNA Primers, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Female, Gene Frequency, Genetic Variation, Glucose, Glycogen, Humans, Insulin, Insulin Resistance, Male, Middle Aged, Molecular Sequence Data, Nucleic Acid Heteroduplexes, Phosphoprotein Phosphatases, Polymorphism, Genetic, Protein Phosphatase 1, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

ID: 174866753